24.9 C
Lagos
Tuesday, October 20, 2020

Rheumatic Heart Disease – Know What Causes It?

- Advertisement -

Rheumatic heart disease refers to the damage in one or more heart valves that can develop after a rheumatic fever. An untreated rheumatic heart disease can cause complications that are life-threatening in many cases. Therefore, it is necessary to be informed about this disease.

- Advertisement -

As discussed, it is known that this heart disease is the result of recurring rheumatic fever. The damaged valves may result in complications like heart failure, atrial fibrillation and infection in the valves.

What is Rheumatic Fever?

An inflammatory disease, Rheumatic fever is a complication that develops when strep throat or scarlet fever is treated improperly. The fever occurs mostly in children with ages between 5 to 15 years. However, it can affect adults as well.

The fever is known to affect the connective tissues throughout the body, but it has adverse effects on the heart, brain and skin. The disease can cause permanent damage to the heart leading to Rheumatic heart disease.

The Causes of Rheumatic Fever

The main cause of Rheumatic Fever is group A streptococcus. Group A streptococcus infects the throat causing strep throat. If group A streptococcus is not treated on time and properly, the chances of developing rheumatic fever in later stages of life increases. Rheumatic fever typically develops after two to four weeks of a throat infection.

However, there are also some other causes or risk factors behind rheumatic fever. Some of them are listed below:

  • Genetic: The chances of developing a rheumatic fever increases if a family member has suffered from it previously
  • Environmental Factors: Factors like unhygienic surroundings, lack of clean water and overcrowded areas also increase the chances

Know the Symptoms of Rheumatic Fever

Identifying the symptoms at an early stage is one of the best steps towards the treatment of any disease. Rheumatic fever also has few symptoms that mark its onset. Some of the most common symptoms are as follows:

  • Sore Throat
  • Trouble in Swallowing
  • Redness and Swelling in Tonsils
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Fever

Other Symptoms

In case the rheumatic fever has resulted in Rheumatic heart disease, you can witness:

  • Pain in Chest
  • Heart Palpitations or missing heart beats
  • Thumping Sensations in the Chest
  • Shortness in Breath
  • Excessive Fatigue
  • Swelling in Stomach, Ankles, and Wrists

Upon identification, the patient must be rushed to the hospital to get appropriate treatment. With the advent of excellence in medical science, there have emerged a vast range of heart specialist hospitals across the nation.

For instance, hospitals such as Max Healthcare that specialize in heart attack treatment in Delhi can offer best treatment and care in such critical situation.

- Advertisement -

Complications of Rheumatic Heart Disease

If Rheumatic Heart Disease does not get treated in time, it will lead to some of life-threating complications that include:

  • Heart Failure

One of the major complications of Rheumatic Heart Disease is heart failure. When Rheumatic fever damages the heart valves, they stop pumping blood effectively, thereby leading to heart failure.

  • Arrhythmia

Also known as Atrial Fibrillation (AF), this refers to an abnormal heart rhythm. Due to the improper functioning of heart valves, shortness of breath and palpitations occur in patient’s heart. This also leads to an increased risk of stroke.

  • Stroke

When the brain does not get proper supply of blood, it may result in a stroke. People suffering from Rheumatic Heart Disease are prone to stroke due to formation of a blood clot in the heart which gradually blocks blood flow to the brain.

  • Complications in Pregnancy

If a woman is suffering from Rheumatic Heart Disease, then there are chances that she will have significant troubles during pregnancy and labour. Pregnancy makes the heart work harder, and as the heart is already suffering from damage, it may not be able to adjust to the new changes. This can result in heart failure.

  • Endocarditis

It is the infection in the inner lining of heart valves and heart chambers. Some of its common symptoms are fever, night sweats, and chest pain, swelling in legs, fatigue and shortness of breath.

Calculating the possible impacts of the above-listed complications of rheumatic heart disease, there is no doubt that an immediate and effective treatment is the need of the hour. Hence, one must not try to ignore the criticality of this disease and consult a skilled doctor in time.

The treatment of rheumatic heart disease varies depending on the extent to which the disease has affected the patient. After a number of diagnostic tests including Cardiac MRI and Echocardiogram (echo), the doctors determine the specific treatments.

It is important to remember the fact that though rheumatic heart disease is chronic and fatal in some cases; however, it is preventable. It just needs the right steps and timely medical consultation.

Rheumatic Heart Disease
  • Save

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Editor
Editorial Staffs at Healthtian, A team of Writers.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Binge Eating Disorder – Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Sometimes people can eat a little too much, especially during special occasions like birthdays and holidays. Binge eating disorder, however, is very different. Binge eating...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

Is Male Menopause a Thing?

The term menopause doesn't only typically relate to women, and it also refers to men as well. Yes, there is something known...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

Do You Get Sick After Getting the Flu Shot? Here Is Why

This is the period of winter and Harmattan. Yes, it is the holiday period, but it is also the period where almost everyone gets...

7 Types of Disability and Examples

For disabled people life is a lot different than the rest of us. They don’t lead normal lives like we do and need assistance...

Women Celebrating #nobraday 2019 on Social Media (Pics)

Today is #nobraday so our team will scout social media and bring you tweets and posts across social media platforms on how women and...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Oral Surgery Recovery – What Foods to Eat

Had oral surgery? Then it’s very hard to have foods while in recovery. An oral surgery makes you feel weak and nauseous. So it’s...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

Direct and Indirect Hernia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A hernia has become one health condition that makes life almost unbearable for suffers. It occurs when an internal organ or body part bulges...

PET (positron emission tomography) Scan – Uses, Risks, and Procedure

PET (positron emission tomography) scan is an imaging test that’s carried out by medical experts to check for diseases in your body. PET scan...

How to Prevent and Heal Hemorrhoids Naturally With Top 7 Home Remedies?

Hemorrhoids also known as piles is a condition where the anal canal becomes inflamed or swollen. It happens when the blood vessels present in...

Top 7 Effective Home Remedies for Common Cold

Common Cold is caused by virus, so antibiotic treatment doesn’t work for it. Rhinovirus is the most common virus that causes cold. People with...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Rheumatic Heart Disease
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap