24.3 C
Lagos
Saturday, September 26, 2020

Retinal Detachment: Prevention and Therapy

- Advertisement -

Retinal detachment is the process of separating the retina of the eye from the choroid. In a healthy eye, the retina is tightly attached to the choroid, from which it receives nutrition.

- Advertisement -

Without timely surgical treatment retinal detachment leads to blindness. Most often, it occurs with eyes damage and myopia, as well as with diabetic retinopathy, intraocular tumors, dystrophy of the retina, etc.

Causes of retinal detachment

To understand the reasons, you need to know the mechanism of the disease development.

It can be provoked by physical over strain or pressure on the surface of the retina that results in small defects via which liquid from the vitreous body moves into the space under the retina.

As a result, this fluid begins to separate the retina. The more fluid leaks out, the larger the detachment area will be. Basically, such a disease is observed only in one of the eyes, however, it negatively affects the other eye.

Therefore, it is important to examine both eyes together.

Risks factors and symptoms

Sometimes patients note that their vision improves slightly after sleep. This is due to the fact that with the horizontal position of the body the retina returns to its place.

When a person takes a vertical position, it departs from the choroid again and visual defects appear.

Symptoms of retinal detachment

  • Blurring of the vision
  • Flashes in the form of sparks and lightning
  • Distortion of the letters.

Another symptom is loss of sight of in the individual retina sections. The risk factors leading to the retinal detachment are:

  • Peripheral vitreoretinal retinal dystrophies.
  • Retinal detachment in one of the eyes.
  • Severe myopia.
  • Eye injuries.
  • Retinal detachment in close relatives.

Types of retinal detachment

Retinal detachment can be primary and secondary. Pathology is called primary when detachment is preceded by a rupture with subsequent leakage of fluid under the retina.

- Advertisement -

Secondary detachment develops as a complication of any pathological process, for example, due to the development of a neoplasm between the retina and choroid of the eye. The following types of retinal detachment can be distinguished:

  • Rhematogenous (from Greek rhegma, rupture) arising from a rupture of the retina.
  • Traction, arising due to tension of the retinal tissue from the vitreous body.
  • Exudative, characterized by the penetration of serous fluid into the space under the retina. It arises due to increased vascular permeability and other hemodynamic disorders of the eye.

Retinal detachment treatment

Retinal detachment is a medical emergency requiring urgent surgical intervention to avoid total blindness. Surgery is the only option to treat this disease.

The earlier the operation is performed, the more chances regain vision and save the eye are. The task of surgical treatment for retinal detachment is to detect retinal rupture, close it and create a strong adhesion between the vascular and retinal membranes.

Depending on the type of retinal detachment, the surgeon will choose one of the specific methods or a combination of them:

  • Local filling in the area of ​​retinal rupture is carried out in cases when the retina is partially detached.
  • Circular filling is used in more severe cases, when the retina has detached completely and there are multiple tears.
  • Vitrectomy is a method in which a damaged vitreous is removed from the eye and one of the medications is injected: physiological saline, liquid silicone, perfluorocarbon compound in the form of a liquid or a special gas that presses the retina from the inside of the choroid.
  • Laser coagulation is applied to limit the area of ​​rupture and enhance thinned sections of the retina.
  • Pneumatic retinopexy is a procedure when the retina specialist injects a gas bubble into your eye. This can help your retina to return back into her place.

Even after a successful therapy, the patient needs regular monitoring by an ophthalmologist.

It is performed 2 times a year with a thorough examination of all closed retinal tears. Such patients undergo regular courses of conservative treatment, including the injections of metabolic, retinoprotective, and vitamin preparations.

It is mandatory to exclude physical exertion and weight lifting for the rest of your life after the operation.

Retinal detachment prevention

If the patient has severe myopia with serious changes in the fundus or other pathology of the retina, it is recommended to visit an ophthalmologist once a year to examine the fundus.

It is better to control the regime of physical exertion and do not lift heavy objects. Actually, the same recommendations concern people with normal vision and no problems with the retina.

As we can see, retinal detachment is a dangerous disease that should be operated on immediately. You can do this abroad easily thanks to Booking Health.

- Advertisement -

With the help of the company you can find a suitable clinic with affordable prices for medical services and undergo retinal detachment treatment in the shortest possible time. Sooner you see a doctor, greater the chance of vision restoration is.

retinal detachment
  • Save
- Advertisement -

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Editor
Editorial Staffs at Healthtian, A team of Writers.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Nursing Career Paths in a Growing Healthcare Industry

Projections for healthcare jobs are above average for the next few years. If you have been contemplating a career in nursing or the healthcare...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

5 Ways You Can Stop Snoring at Night

For many people worldwide, snoring is not just something they do while sleeping after a long day. Snoring can be a huge...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

7 Types of Disability and Examples

For disabled people life is a lot different than the rest of us. They don’t lead normal lives like we do and need assistance...

Enlarged Clitoris: Causes, Treatment and Symptoms

The clitoris is simply a female sexual organ located slightly above the urethra, a section where urine is released from the female body. A...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

Oral Surgery Recovery – What Foods to Eat

Had oral surgery? Then it’s very hard to have foods while in recovery. An oral surgery makes you feel weak and nauseous. So it’s...

Do You Get Sick After Getting the Flu Shot? Here Is Why

This is the period of winter and Harmattan. Yes, it is the holiday period, but it is also the period where almost everyone gets...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

7 Ways to Reduce Cortisol Levels in a Few Hours

When we are stressed, we all could use a few easy ways to reduce our cortisol levels so we can feel better. Cortisol is a...

Introduction to Poisoning

From grade school, children are taught the difference between living and non-living things. Once children can tell the difference between things that have life...

How to Treat Older Scars and Remove Them for Good

This is a guest post, courtesy of Dr. Craig Crippen from DermMedica. Scars are a problem that many people have to deal with in...

6 Habits You Are Practicing Which May Cause You to Be Aging Fast

Some specific things in this world are inevitable. Things such as death, growing older and so on are the unavoidable occurrences of life that...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

retinal detachment
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap