29.3 C
Lagos
Monday, September 28, 2020

Thrombocythemia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

- Advertisement -

Thrombocythemia also known as Essential or Primary Thrombocythemia is a condition in which occurs when the platelets or thrombocytes are higher than normal. This condition can occur due to malfunction in the bone marrow causing it to produce too many platelets.

- Advertisement -

Since platelets play an important role in blood clotting, by preventing excessive loss of blood when injured, this abnormal condition (thrombocythemia) may be dangerous as it can cause blood to clot for no reason and can lead to blockage of blood flow to vital parts of the body such as the brain, heart, and liver.

Causes of Thrombocythemia

Although the exact cause of this condition may be unknown. However, research shows that it could be traced to gene mutation or reactive thrombocytosis.

Symptoms of Thrombocythemia

This condition does not usually cause symptoms. However the first and most common sign that indicates primary thrombocythemia is blood clot. The blood clot can form anywhere in your body especially in the hands, feet, and brain.

The symptoms of blood clot differ depending on the location of the blood clot. These symptoms include;

  1. Weakness
  2. Headache
  3. Dizziness
  4. Throbbing, redness, and burning pain in hands and feet
  5. Fainting
  6. The spleen becomes enlarged slightly
  7. Numbness
  8. Chest pain
  9. Vision changes

Rare cases of primary thrombocythemia can cause bleeding. Symptoms include;

  1. Bleeding from nose
  2. Bleeding from gum
  3. Bloody stool or urine

Diagnosis of Primary Thrombocythemia

This condition is diagnosed by a doctor. The doctor will perform a physical check or exam and ask questions pertaining to your medical history.

Ensure to mention any medical procedures you might have had in the past, blood transfusions, infections, supplements, and over-the-counter medications you might have been taking.

If the doctor suspects primary thrombocythemia, he will ask you to run certain tests (blood tests) in order to confirm the diagnosis. These blood tests include;

  1. Blood smear: This test is carried out to examine the condition of the platelets.
  2. Genetic testing: This test will help to ascertain whether the condition was inherited.
  3. Complete blood count (CBC): This test is carried out to measure the total numbers of platelets present in your blood.

Another diagnosis may include;

- Advertisement -

Bone marrow aspiration: This test is carried out to examine the platelets under a microscope.

If the doctor can’t find a cause for your platelets count he will most likely diagnose you of primary thrombocythemia.

Risks and Complications of Primary Thrombocythemia

Primary thrombocythemia is a condition that poses a high risk for women who are pregnant. Women who suffer from this condition and also take pills for birth control have a high risk of blood clots.

Since this condition causes blood to clot anywhere in the body, it can cause blood to clot in the placenta which can lead to fetal development problems or miscarriage.

The blood clot can also cause a stroke or transient ischemic attack which could lead to confusion, blurry vision, seizures, numbness, difficulty in speaking, and shortness of breathe.

People who suffer from primary thrombocythemia are also at a high risk of a heart attack. This is because blood flow to the heart could be blocked by blood clot. Some known symptoms of heart attack include;

  1. Pain that extends to the arms, back, shoulder, or jaw.
  2. Clammy skin
  3. Shortness of breathe
  4. Squeezing pain in the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes.

Make sure you call a doctor, or go to the hospital if you are experiencing symptoms of blood clot, stroke, heavy bleeding, or heart attack. These conditions are considered as emergencies and immediate treatment is required.

Treatments

The treatment for people who suffer this condition, depends on some factors such as the patient’s risk of developing blood clot.

Some people may not need treatment, especially if they do not have any additional risk factors, or symptoms. However, treatment is requires if the patient is above 60 years, have history of blood clot or bleeding, smoker, or suffer from cardiovascular disease.

Treatments may include;

- Advertisement -
  1. Platelet pheresis: This is a procedure that helps to remove platelets from the blood directly.
  2. Prescription medications: This can help to reduce the production of platelets in the bone marrow and also lower the risk of clotting.
  3. Over-the-counter low dose: You can take drugs such as aspirin which may reduce or lower blood clotting.

Prevention of Thrombocythemia

There is no known way to prevent this condition, but there are ways for you to reduce the risks of serious complications.

To manage the risk of this condition such as blood clot, you need to control your blood pressure and cholesterol.

You may also need regular exercise and a healthy diet which contains fruits, whole grains, vegetables and lean protein.

It is important to stop smoking. This is because smoking increases risks of blood clot. Other ways to lower the risks of serious complications include;

  1. Avoid over-the-counter medications that increases the risk of bleeding.
  2. Avoid sports and activities that increases the risks of bleeding.
  3. Take all medications as prescribed by the doctor.

Conclusion

Depending of a number of factors, most people with this condition do not experience complications for a long time. However it is important to go to the hospital when serious complications such as heart attack, heavy bleeding, stoke, miscarriage, premature delivery, blood cancer, myelofibrosis and acute leukemia occurs.

References;

Thrombocythemia
  • Save
- Advertisement -

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Laurence Inyanghttps://rencetek.com
Emmmmm... I just love reading and writing... Here to contribute my own share in making the world a better place.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

3 Health Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore

Your well-being is paramount, so if you’ve noticed something that doesn’t seem quite right, it’s important that you don’t just ignore it. This might...
- Advertisement -

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Enlarged Clitoris: Causes, Treatment and Symptoms

The clitoris is simply a female sexual organ located slightly above the urethra, a section where urine is released from the female body. A...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

Hole in the Heart: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Normally, the heart is divided into two parts - left and right - which are separated by a septum (which separates the two upper...

8 Majors Types of Bongs – Which One Strikes You

One of the best ways to consume cannabis is to smoke it straight from a bong. Bong offers a better way to enjoy your...

How to De-worm Yourself Naturally?

Parasitic or intestinal worms are behind many health challenges people face; they can cause a lot of problems including digestive problems. Some common types...

4 Common Injuries You Get When You Slip and Fall and How to Manage Them

Slip and fall injuries are caused when a person slips, falls, and injures themselves while they are outside. Slipping and falling is...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

The Hidden Joint Replacement no One Talks About!

Choosing to replace a joint is not a trivial decision to make. While it is considered to be a low risk surgery, there are...

10 Tips for Interior Designing of Healthcare Facilities

The interior design of any healthcare facility must convey the message that the facilities provided here are meant for improving the life of the...

The Best Advice For Choosing The Perfect Health Insurance

With healthcare costs on the rise, people across America are looking for ways to find the perfect plan that doesn’t break the bank. The...

Dysuria (Painful Urination): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Painful urination, which is also known as dysuria, is a common condition that affects both males and females. This condition is mostly as a...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Thrombocythemia
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap