The Pistachio is a medicinal plant native to southwestern Asia and has spread its cultivation to the Mediterranean region and the United States. Iran is the largest producer of pistachios.
The scientific name of this herb is Pistacia vera L. Other common names: pistah, pista, pistache nut. The pistachio belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae plants.
This herb is a small deciduous tree, 5 to 7 m. high, tends to lean and abundant branching and broad crown. The pistachio is a tree that tolerates drought, high temperatures, but does not tolerate high humidity.
Pistacia vera L. is a slow growing tree, but the plant is very long-lived, 150 to 300 years.
Pistachio leaves are pinnate and dioecious. The fruits are small, long and sharp point and curved red and wrinkled, with edible kernels, called pistachio green color.
Pistachios are rich in oil and have the virtue of calm and revitalize. Is a medicinal plant; copies of these plants are either male or female. Pistachio flowers have no petals and are unisexual, greenish-brown.
The fruit is a drupe, containing an elongated seed and edible kernel with a striking pale green color, smooth, hard shell.
The seed is the edible part, with a very distinctive flavor. The cores are used to make ice cream, candies, roasted and salted whole also. When the fruit ripens, the shells are opened partially separated.
The shell of the pistachio is naturally a light brown color, but sometimes tinged with red in commercial pistachios. Pistachio nuts are composed of protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, sugars, oil, Vitamin A, Vitamin B9, folic acid, amino acids (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin).
Among the medicinal properties of this plant are: the nuts help lower cholesterol, help slow traffic, revitalize, and help maintain good health.
Recipes for this herb:
Pistachios are widely used in confectionery and in the manufacture of ice cream.
You get them a food coloring. They are ideal for regular bowel movement for its fiber content.
They are an excellent aperitif as we feast on a very fast (for its fiber). Its high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated oleic acid helps to lower cholesterol.
Pistachios are an excellent source of many nutrients, including protein, vitamins and minerals essential for good health.
The pistachio is very rich in mineral inputs as potassium, calcium, phosphorus and iron. Pistachios are the dried fruit with more vitamin A and vitamin B9.