Home Dental A Brief History of Modern...

A Brief History of Modern Dentistry

When we think of dentistry, many see it as an innovation of the 20th century. In fact, modern dentistry can trace its roots back to the advent of civilization when shaman and medicine men of early settlements practiced primitive forms of medicine, including dentistry. Over the centuries, dentistry has evolved from the mysterious form of medicine shrouded in superstition and practiced by shaman to the extensive and exact science it is today.
Modern DentistryWhile definite evidence of ancient dentistry is extremely rare, the oldest examples found to date are anywhere from 7,500 to 9,500 years old. Several molars found in Pakistan show evidence of regularly shaped cavities with concentric ridges drilled into them. Scientists believe these early dentists used bow drills to cure tooth related disorders. Recently, scientists uncovered a 6,500 year old jaw bone that once belong to a 24-30 year old man in Trieste, Italy and contained a filling made of beeswax.

The earliest written record of dentistry was found in a Sumerian text from 5000 BC, which described the “tooth worm” as the cause of tooth decay. Evidence of this belief has also been found in a number of other civilizations including India, Egypt, Japan, China and Greece – and even persisted as late as the 14th century AD when surgeon Guy de Chauliac continued to promote the belief that tooth decay was caused by worms.

The Egyptian official, physician and scribe Hesy-Re is referred to by many as the “first dentist.” Hesy -Re lived around 2600 BC, served under the pharaoh Djoser and was buried in an elaborate tomb at Saqqara. An inscription on his tomb referred to him as “the greatest of those who deal with teeth, and of physicians.” Although not considered “dentists”  the ancient Greek scholars Hippocrates and Aristotle both wrote about dentistry, including the eruption pattern of teeth, treating decayed teeth and gum disease, extracting teeth with forceps, and using wires to stabilize loose teeth and fractured jaws.

In Europe, during the Early Middle Ages medicine, surgery and dentistry were generally practiced by monks who were the most educated people of the period. Often these monks were assisted by barbers who visited the monasteries to shave the heads of monks. In 1130 AD, a series of Papal edicts prohibited monks from performing many of these services and it was left to the barbers to provide them to the people. The tradition of barbers providing surgical services, including dentistry, lasted for nearly 700 years until the College of  Surgery was founded in England.

As the practice of dentistry shifted from these barber surgeons to wealthier and highly educated surgeons, dentistry evolved greatly, becoming its own science separate from surgery. Several books published between 1650 and 1800 AD gave rise to the science of modern day dentistry. Most notably, French physician Pierre Fauchard, known as “the father of modern dentistry”, published his book “The Surgeon Dentist” in 1728. This book not only described the basics of oral anatomy and function, it also provided insights on how to identify and treat tooth decay and periodontal disease, outlined procedures for tooth transplantation and contained a number of other observations and treatments that formed the basis of modern dentistry. His book is said to be the first complete scientific description of dentistry and paved the way for others to expand the knowledge of the dental profession throughout Europe.

While modern dentistry is a science that is continually evolving as technology advances it is still a science founded on principles dating back 9,500 years or more.

Guest
This post was written by a Guest Author. Please see their details in the post above. If you'd like to Contribute towards the growth of Healthtian, please check our Contributor Page for details about how YOU can share your tips with our growing community.

Trending Posts

5 Testosterone Enhancing Herbs to Boost Testosterone

Hormones are special messengers, in chemical form, produced by endocrine glands in the body. They play an important role in regulating bodily functions such...

Recovery After C-section

Some births won’t be possible without the need for a cesarean operation. This is why a c-section is done as the last option for...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color and texture...

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

A Few Reasons Why Its OK to Go Braless

Having a bra on for long hours is one of the most uncomfortable things that a lady has to deal with almost every day....

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

Vanilla Sex – Here is Everything You Need to Know

Whenever people talk about Vanilla sex, it is often used to imply plain or conventional sex mostly involving heterosexual couples. But there are a...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black widow spider...

Trypophobia (Fear of Holes) – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Trypophobia (Fear of Holes) is defined as a condition whereby individuals experience an aversion or fear to clusters of tiny holes.This condition is triggered...

Friends

Stay Connected

Get our Wellness newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

Related Posts

CEREC Technology Takes the Hassle Out of Getting Dental Crowns

What do you do about a tooth that's broken or cracked, severely decayed, or just went through a root canal? In most cases, the...

Bruxism Explained

Bruxism or teeth grinding is a condition in which the person tends to clench and grind their teeth. They may unconsciously do it when...

Veneers, Implants, and More: Your Options for Cosmetic Dentistry

You may be feeling the effects today of your bad teeth, but nowadays, there’s no reason to keep that feeling going on if you...

Your Smile Lights Up the Room: Keeping a Bright Smile Later in Life is Easy

Senior citizens often have a lot to smile about. Their days of hard work and struggle are mostly over. Many of them are retired...

How to Prevent Your Teeth from Acid Attack?

Acidic attack on teeth is becoming a major area of concern these days. A fretting mounting issue, which is much more prominent in people...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here