A CAD (Coronary artery disease), aka heart disease, occurs when calcium, cholesterol and other body fats get accumulated in the heart arteries tampering or slowing the blood flow going towards the heart.
With time these deposits become very hard, turning into plaque, which reduces or blocks the flow of blood going to the heart. Narrowing in the coronary artery caused because of plaque build-up or any other cause starves the heart muscle of oxygen-rich blood, causing angina (severe chest pain) and other cardiac problems.
What are symptoms experienced because of cardiac defect or damage? Different heart conditions might cause different symptoms:
Coronary artery disease – It can range from not experiencing any symptoms, to mild or severe chest pain, or to a direct heart attack.
High blood pressure – It often doesn’t show any symptoms. However, if left untreated over time, it can lead to health complications, such as stroke or heart disease.
Cardiac arrest – Patient usually become unresponsive or lose their consciousness during a cardiac arrest.
Congestive heart failure – causes symptoms like fatigue, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, and swollen legs.
Arrhythmia – can also afflict the person without any overbearing symptoms. Alternatively, its symptoms might include chest pain, chest fluttering, dizziness or fainting.
Peripheral artery disease – causes leg pain, that particularly exceeds during motion.
Stroke – Symptom might make patient to have trouble walking, understanding or speaking. Stoke can also cause numbness or paralysis in the legs, arms or face.
Congenital heart disease – Symptoms might cause abnormal heart rhythms, shortness of breath, blue-tinted skin, swollen body tissues or failure to develop properly.
However, some patients might experience other health traumas or complications when afflicted with a heart condition. We recommend patients or readers to go for regular checkups with their doctors to prevent these diseases.
What are the factors that can contribute to a heart attack? Heart diseases occur when part or the whole heart gets damaged, that prevents the heart from functioning properly or can reduce the flow of rich oxygenated blood or nutrients in the heart.
However, some of these heart diseases like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can also be caused because of genetics. And congenital heart defects are present in the patient since their birth. Pediatric heart surgeons handle such cases.
Other things that can potentially increase a person’s risk of developing heart diseases:
- Overweight and Obesity
- Family History
- Sedentary Jobs or Routine
- High Alcohol Consumption
- High Blood Pressure
- Preeclampsia during Pregnancy
Treatment options for Cardiac Disorders at Best Heart Hospitals in Delhi
The technique and approach used for treating each patient might vary based on their current health, disease/ condition, age, and life expectancy.
Treatment of Heart disease varies by condition. For example, if a patient gets diagnosed with a heart infection, he/ she will likely be put on antibiotics by their doctors. In general treatments for heart problems might include:
These may include following a low-sodium and low-fat diet, indulging in at least 30 minutes of exercise five to six days a week, limiting alcohol intake and quitting smoking.
If even after making lifestyle changes patient’s report still requires medical attention, their heart doctor might prescribe medications to them for controlling the aggressiveness of the symptoms of their heart disease. The type and dose of medication will be determined based on their cardiac disease.
Medical Procedures/ Surgery
If drugs fail to control the symptoms of the patient’s medical condition, their surgeon may recommend them to undergo a surgical procedure. The type of surgery used in the treatment usually depends on the patient’s disease and the damage that is has caused on their heart and body.
Types of Heart Surgery performed in India
- Heart Transplant Surgery
- Coronary Heart Surgery
- Aortic Valve Surgery
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
- Atrial Septal Defect Closure Surgery
- CARDIAC SURGERY – ADULTS
- Off-Pump beating CABG LV Restoration Surgery
- Valve Repair Replacement
- Atrial Fibrillation Surgery
- Ross Procedure
- Cardiac Tumour Treatment
- Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Treatment
- Aortic Dissection Repair Surgery
- And more.
Heart Surgery Hospitals in Delhi
India is considered one of the best places in the world for receiving medical care by patients. Every year this number is increasing at a tremendous speed. The availability of experienced doctors and state-of-the-art technology in India, at an affordable price, invites all these patients.
Patients can find the best heart surgery hospitals in Delhi and receive treatment from some of the most qualified and experienced doctors in the country. Delhi is not only a metro-city but is the capital of India, which houses medical centers like Fortis, Apollo, Global etc. All these centers are accredited by international medical association like NABH & JCI that assure the safety of the patients.
Coping & Support
Patients may feel overwhelmed, upset or frustrated, upon learning that they or their loved one have been diagnosed with a heart disease. Fortunately, there are multiple ways that can help them cope with heart problems or improve their condition. These may include:
Cardiac rehabilitation is often recommended to patients who were afflicted with cardiovascular disease that resulted in them experiencing a heart attack and requiring surgical treatment for correcting the problem. It helps in improving the treatment and speeding up the patient’s recovery.
Cardiac rehabilitation may involve multiple levels of monitored exercises, emotional support, nutritional counseling, and education about lifestyle changes for reducing patient’s risk of heart attacks.
Turning to family or friends for support is very important, especially while going through such dramatic events. Patients should be aware of their health and mental well-being and should seek help if they deem necessary. They can join a support group, and learn about people who have had the same struggles as them. Patients might find expressing their fears and concerns very empowering that is essential for their recovery.
Continued Medical Checkups
Everyone should get yearly medical checkups after the age of 50, especially if they were diagnosed with a chronic or a recurring heart condition. This will allow them to keep track of their heartbeats while preventing any small medical condition from turning into a malignant disorder.
Neha Verma Is a literature student with a curious mind, who is in love with the idea of research, because she aspires to be a know-it-all one day. Currently, working as a medical content writer who likes to spend her salary on gourmet food and shots of espresso.