Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland gets to influence all the different systems present in your body.

Thyroid disorders come in a broad range of forms and can be as minor as an enlarged gland (harmless goitre) or as threatening as long-term cancer.

Common thyroid problems often arise due to the abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Overproduction of these hormones often results in a condition called hyperthyroidism.

Conversely, insufficient production causes the condition known as hypothyroidism. While thyroid problems can cause uncomfortable or unpleasant effects, it’s possible to treat and manage most of them.

What Causes Thyroid Problems?

The overproduction of thyroid hormones is the primary cause of hyperthyroidism. However, it can also occur due to the following:

• The emergence of Cancerous Growths or A Malfunction of the Thyroid Gland: Even though this is quite rare, it’s not uncommon for hyperthyroidism to occur from either of these two causes.

Graves’ Disease: It’s also known as the overproduction of thyroid hormones.

Subacute Thyroiditis: This is when the gland becomes inflamed and begins leaking excess hormones. Although this typically only lasts for a few weeks, the problem may persist for several months.

Toxic Adenomas: It refers to when nodules begin developing in your gland. The nodules soon start to release thyroid hormones leading to a chemical imbalance. Some of the goitres may have numerous nodules in them.

Hypothyroidism, or the underproduction of thyroid hormones, may occur due to the following causes:

Thyroid Gland Malfunction: There are situations where the thyroid gland may refuse to work correctly from childbirth. Statistics indicate that this occurs in one out of every 4,000 newborns. If it’s not addressed, the baby may end up being affected by mental or physical issues in their later years. Every newborn gets a screening blood test meant to check whether their thyroid functions are normal.

Thyroiditis: The condition which occurs when the thyroid gland becomes inflamed often causes the thyroid gland to produce fewer hormones than usual.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: While this inherited autoimmune condition is painless, it does cause the cells in your body to begin attacking and damaging your thyroid gland.

Iodine Deficiency: The thyroid gland uses iodine to help it produce hormones. Iodine deficiency is a condition that impacts millions of people around the world.

Postpartum Thyroiditis: It’s a temporary condition that affects between five to nine per cent of women after giving birth.

Pregnancy can, in some cases, cause thyroid-related problems to begin worsening. It’s advisable to get the condition treated as soon as possible to ensure it doesn’t cause the mother or the baby any unnecessary problems.


Failure to treat thyroid problems may lead to a miscarriage, bleeding after childbirth, preeclampsia, or even premature birth. Armour Thyroid, an oral medication, is used to treat thyroid problems naturally.

It comes in six different strength types and can be taken in a broad range of dosages. It’s recommended to consult your physician before taking any new medication. This is to ensure it doesn’t affect you or react with other medication you may be taking.