With proper care after hair transplantation, the effects are very good as a result of hair transplantation and its complications are reduced.
There are two main approaches to care after a hair transplant is completed:
First approach: Traditionally, bandage is used to cover the implanted area after hair transplantation. The patient then goes home and goes to the clinic on the day after the operation to remove the bandage and examine the implanted hair.
The second approach: Using gauze soaked in saline (normal saline) at planting and bandage it. The patient stays in the clinic for a few hours, then the bandage is removed and is sent home.
In recent years, especially since follicular unit and micrografting have been transplanted, the patient’s scalp is no longer bandaged.
There is much debate about the use of bandages after hair transplantation between hair transplant surgeons, and bandaging the scalp after hair transplant is entirely up to the personal physician. Bandaging of the scalp has its advantages and disadvantages.
One of its main advantages is that bandaging of the scalp protects the hair implanted in the scalp and absorbs potential bleeding. The disadvantage is that bandage closure is a symptom of surgery that causes discomfort.
Some patients go to public places. Of course, bandaging on the head is usually one to two days, and a hat can help solve this problem and it is best to stay home on the first and second days.
How to keep follicles at the hair transplant
Hair that is transplanted at a later stage is more likely to fall. But in fact, implanted hair follicles almost always remain in place as desired.
The slight bleeding that occurs at the edges of the transplanted area acts as a glue to hold the transplanted portion in place.
In both micrografting and follicular unit transplantation, the wound is very small and the blood clots within a few minutes and the wound healing process begins within hours of the transplant.
About 5 hours after hair transplantation, the effect of topical anesthesia is eliminated and this is when the patient will have the most pain.
In most cases, the pain in the donor area is greater than the transplant recipient, because in surgery, the transplant wound will be larger than the transplant recipient. The best treatment to reduce pain is acetaminophen codeine. Patients can also get sedatives
The persistence of pain after the first day indicates problems such as necrosis of the site of transplantation and infection of the wound site. In the first and second days after transplantation, we should be careful about the hair follicles implanted.
It is rare to get a transplant out of place, but if they did not appear to be drying up and appearing to be falling and the patient is still in the clinic, they can be returned with one stroke. If that happens after the patient leaves the clinic, the patient is unlikely to be able to do much to save them.
The biggest problem in the first 3 hours after hair transplantation is how to rest and sleep, and it is best to sleep in a way that does not damage the implants. One may need to sit up for the first night and have no contact with the recliner.
Usually, the patient should not wash his head during the first 2 hours. In fact, grafts should not be touched at all. In addition, during the first 5 days after surgery, you should not wash your head with regular shampoo.
The patient’s scalp will be cleaned at the next visit to the clinic. On the second day the patient’s scalp becomes stiff, which is not a concern. This is normal for everyone who does hair transplants.
If the patient’s bleeding persists for more than one day, it is highly likely that closure of the bandage will be recommended for another day until the bleeding stops, and the patient’s bandage will be removed on the second day.
If the grafts are exposed to air, they will recover faster. In most clinics, patients are given a cream or antibiotic solution to allow the patient to gently transplant the donor and recipient parts for several days. Until the third day, the patient should not be rinsed with regular shampoo.
If the patient does not want others to see the new hair transplant in the first seven days, he or she may use a loose-fitting hat that does not cling to the head completely.
Of course, this hat should have holes so that the scalp does not warm under the cap and it is recommended to wear it only if necessary.
If the grafts are exposed to air, they will recover much faster and better. It should be noted that the patient’s scalp should not be sunburned, which can delay the recovery process.
Most patients develop swelling within 2 to 4 days after surgery. This condition can last for up to a week and may even cause swelling of the eyelids, which can lead to the eyes being closed.
Sleeping in a sitting position or with a 2 degree angle can help alleviate the swelling. Applying a bag of freeze-dried peas or the like to the swelling site can also help reduce swelling.
But it should be noted that ice or freezer peas should not be directly applied to implants. The patient should avoid exposure to contaminated air as much as possible and should not swim in public pools or contaminated water for at least two weeks after transplanting. The use of topical antibiotics can reduce the chance of skin infection.
Patients can gently wash their hair after the third day of operation. It is usually advisable to use a wash basin instead of a shower, for gentle washing. After gentle washing, hair should be air-dried and hair dryer should not be used, especially at high temperatures.
Hair should be washed when exposed to hot weather, excessive sweating and sweating, as bacteria grow better in hot and humid environments, and excessive sweating increases the risk of infection.
The scabs around the grafts typically begin to fall during the first to third weeks after the operation, and are quickly removed from the skin if kept moist. Salt and vitamin E solutions are used in these cases.
Transplanted hair follicles usually shed within two to six weeks after implantation. A few weeks after the operation, the fibers (filaments) shed (although their follicles have grown). New hair growth begins about ten weeks after surgery.
Usually all grafts do not start growing at one time, so if the hair growth is not uniform at first, it is not a concern and this is perfectly normal.
Since the hair grows only at a maximum velocity of 2.5 mm / day, it takes a long time for the patient’s hair to be combed and trimmed, but by the end of the 6 months after the hair, the hair must be large enough.
Of course, the definitive result only comes after six months. Hair fiber that grows at the beginning may be very different from normal hair.
According to the Dr. Seema Garg member of ISHRS, ABHRS – follicles shrink and will improve hair quality by 6 months after hair transplantation surgery.
The use of minoxidil solution after the third day after hair transplantation is recommended by some dermatologists. This solution stimulates hair growth.
Nancy is a writer for health and lifestyle, love to read and write about self care, foods, live. She currently writes for Rejuvenate Hair Transplant