26.6 C
Lagos
Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Water Intoxication – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

- Advertisement -

Water is essential for good health and when you are exercising or when it’s too hot outside, you should drink enough water for your body to stay hydrated. In addition, drinking the right amount of water prevents fatigue, controls hunger and regulates blood pressure.

- Advertisement -

However, be warned that drinking too much water can be dangerous. According to experts, when you consume too much of it in a short time, it causes the level of sodium or salt in your blood to drop leading to water intoxication, a life-threatening emergency which must be treated without delay to prevent serious complications.

So, what exactly is water intoxication?

Water intoxication is the disruption of brain function as a result of the consumption of excess water too fast. It can also be defined as a lowered concentration of sodium in the blood that results from drinking too much water without adequate sodium replacement.

Water intoxication is also referred in different ways such as hyperhydration, water poisoning, hyponatremia or excessive water intake. Don’t get confused as these terms mean the same thing; a serious health condition caused by an electrolyte imbalance.

Causes of water intoxication

According to studies, this condition is common in hospitalized patients and individuals with mental disturbances, although it can affect healthy people. The following are some of the clinical situations that may cause water intoxication;

  • Compulsive water drinking which is common in people suffering from mental illness
  • Drinking lots of fluids and at the same time having increased antidiuretic hormone secretion that makes your kidney to hold onto water
  • Healthy people may develop water poisoning as a result of heat-related injuries and consumption of too much water at once
  • Abnormal kidney dysfunction/renal failure, gastroenteritis, or diabetes insipidus
  • Water drinking contests where participants compete on who can consume too much water within a short time
  • Taking illegal drugs such as MDMA

Symptoms

According to experts, water intoxication symptoms may start to appear after consuming more than 3-4L of water in just a few hours. The following are potential symptoms;

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Head pain, confusion, and disorientation
  • Spasms, cramping or muscle weakness
  • Drowsiness and fatigue
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Impaired mental state and symptoms of psychotic such as experiencing psychosis, delusions, delirium, and hallucinations
  • Frequent urination
  • Irregular heartbeats or changes in blood pressure

In severe cases, water poisoning may lead to seizures or unconsciousness. The person experiencing the above signs should seek treatment without delay failure to which, water intoxication can be fatal.

How much water is too much?

After reading about what water intoxication is and the signs to experience, you could be asking yourself how much is too much? Well, there is no specific answer to that question, but it would be wise to consider the amount of water you consume per hour, your overall health, gender, and age.

According to medical experts, a healthy adult’s kidney can flush out 20-28L of water daily but will only remove 1L successfully every hour. Therefore, when you drink a lot of water, for instance, more than 1L hourly, your kidneys might not be able to keep up.

Another thing you should keep in mind is that the kidneys of children and older adults are less efficient and the amount of water they should drink per hour should be below 1L.

- Advertisement -

Treatment

Water intoxication is preventable by drinking enough water as soon as you feel thirsty. After feeling quenched, you should stop drinking more water until you feel thirsty again. However, if water intoxication occurs, treatment may involve;

  • Vasopressin receptor antagonists
  • Application of intravenous electrolysis
  • Sodium correction therapy
  • Gastric irrigation/stomach pumping or gastric lavage
  • Diuretics to increase blood volume and urination

Bottom line

Water intoxication is simply a form of imbalance of electrolyte which is caused by too little sodium in the body compared to water. In most cases, it occurs when individual drinks more than 1.5L of water in an hour particularly if they have renal failure, diabetes, kidney damage or due to intense exercises.

Some of the symptoms associated with water intoxication include headaches, vomiting, nausea, disorientation, confusion and in severe cases, seizures, coma, brain damage as a result of swelling, and potentially death.

It is important for you to remain hydrated at all times, but you should drink water in the right proportions depending on how much sodium your body is losing, and this will prevent water intoxication.

As a golden rule, you should pay close attention to your thirst and eat a balanced diet.

Water Intoxication
  • Save

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Kingsley Felixhttps://kraftysprouts.media
Based in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. I am the founder of Krafty Sprouts Media, LLC (US), i make sure thing run smoothly and well organized in our organization. Follow me on my social media platforms.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Tips to Determine the Best Weight Loss Technique That Will Work for You

It is not easy to check which diet plan will work for you. Some techniques might work for others, but not for you. Sometimes,...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Women Celebrating #nobraday 2019 on Social Media (Pics)

Today is #nobraday so our team will scout social media and bring you tweets and posts across social media platforms on how women and...

7 Types of Disability and Examples

For disabled people life is a lot different than the rest of us. They don’t lead normal lives like we do and need assistance...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Gilbert Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Gilbert Syndrome is sometimes referred to as Familial nonhemolytic jaundice or Constitutional hepatic dysfunction. It is an inherited liver condition where the kidney is...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

Foods That Fuel Your Depression

Eating isn’t only about getting the right nutrients and satiating your craving for your favorite foods. It’s also about ensuring that your body feels...

Chlorella – Uses, Health Benefits and Side Effects

Chlorella is a single-celled green alga that can be found in Taiwan and Japan. It chlorophyll, a green photosynthetic pigment, found in its chloroplast. Through...

Sodium Deficiency (Hyponatremia): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Sodium is an essential nutrient that helps to regulate water balance in and around the cells of the body and maintain blood pressure levels....

Garden Eggs (Eggplant): 10 Health Benefits and Nutritional Values

Garden eggs are one of the most loved vegetables in Nigeria. They have found their way into different cultures and traditions where they play...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Water Intoxication
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap