24 C
Friday, October 30, 2020

Venous Ulcers: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

- Advertisement -

Sometimes, your legs fail to push ample amounts of blood back to your heart. This malfunctioning in blood circulation causes open sores called ‘venous ulcerations’ or ‘stasis ulcers’.

- Advertisement -

Mostly appearing on legs, venous ulcers are persisting wounds, which can be extremely painful. These ulcers require proper medication for timely healing. If neglected, they can appear again. Accompanied by inflammation around the wound area, venous ulcers are among the most common skin ulcers.


Our veins have valves that carry deoxygenated blood from all over the body toward the heart. In case of veinous insufficiency, valves of the leg veins get damaged, which makes for backward flow of blood in the legs. The rise of blood in the legs increases the blood pressure, and thus nutrients and gases are not absorbed by the tissues. Cells in the legs start dying, leading to wound formation.
Following things can increase your chances of getting these ulcers:

  • Formation of blood clots in leg veins
  • Obesity
  • Limited movement
  • Standing for a long time
  • Smoking
  • Blood clotting history in the legs
  • Serious injuries to the leg, such as, fracture, muscle damage, or severe burns

Old people are more likely to get venous ulcers if they have compromised immune systems.

Signs & Symptoms

Severe venous ulcerations can be avoided by treating the early signs of this disease. These early signs include:

  • Stasis Dermatitis – Changes in skin because of excessive fluid in the legs
  • Swelling, cramping, and heaviness
  • Color of the leg changes to deep red, purple or brown
  • Hardening of the skin
  • Itching and tingling sensations

If your doctor fails to diagnose these early symptoms, you may start getting advanced signs of venous ulcers, which include:

  • Pain in legs
  • A wound covered with yellow tissue and exposing red base
  • Discoloration of surrounding skin
  • Infection in the wound leads to pus accumulation and bad odor


The ulcer is usually treated as normal wounds. A nurse cleans and dresses the wound and repeats the process every week or so. However, you need some specialized treatments to completely heal the ulcer, some of which are:

Compressed Bandages

This is the most crucial step of therapy as it aims at reducing the pressure built up in veins caused by extra fluids. Normally, the doctor covers the dressing with 3-5 layers of bandages. While bandaging, a high pressure is applied at the ankle since this practice is most effective in the healing process. The pressure is gradually decreased toward the knee and thigh.

If the compression is too high, ask your doctor to loosen it a bit. Movement of the ankle is important for circulation and healing of the wound.

Elevation of the Leg

One way of treating venous ulcers is to restore the regular circulation of blood – from legs to the heart. This method helps best in case your leg is swollen. While lying down on the bed, keep the level of your legs higher than the hip.

- Advertisement -

You can put some pillows under your legs to keep it raised. This practice is often combined with compressed bandaging to treat several symptoms at once.

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Editorial Staffs at Healthtian, A team of Writers.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Top 10 Chest Workouts for All

Many guys working out at the gym make one big mistake when they are trying to achieve a barrel chest. They try to think...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Stressed For Your Exams? Try Out These Snacks to Secure Top Grades

Do you remember that age old saying which goes something like this – As you sow, so shall you reap! The meaning of this...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

10 Dangerous Diseases Spread by Cockroaches and Their Symptoms

In one of our articles on home pests; we talked about cockroaches and effective natural ways of getting rid of them and the main...

7 Types of Disability and Examples

For disabled people life is a lot different than the rest of us. They don’t lead normal lives like we do and need assistance...

Hole in the Heart: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Normally, the heart is divided into two parts - left and right - which are separated by a septum (which separates the...

Renal Ultrasound: Everything You Need to Know

Renal Ultrasound is also known as a kidney ultrasound. It is a diagnostic exam that produces real-time images of the size, shape, and location...

Ophthalmologist Tom S. Chang MD on How to Proactively Care for Your Eyes

Eyesight, one of the five basic human senses, is an integral and vital facet of existence. The eyes contain vastly complex systems...



Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

Dysgraphia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

No doubt you have heard of some learning disabilities in children, but there is a high probability that you have not heard of dysgraphia....

What You Must Know Before Choosing an Organic Mattress

Organic mattresses are VOC-tested and you should buy such bedding materials. Then, there is no chance of buying the wrong product that has an...

Hysterosonography Ultrasound (Sonohysterography): Purpose and Procedure

Hysterosonography or sonohysterography is an ultrasound imaging test that uses soundwaves to produce real-time images of the inside of a woman's womb(uterus). This exam is...

Faster Signs of Aging? Know How About Anti-aging

Most people appear much older than their actual chronological age. Many young adults in their early 30’s start looking more than 40. Aging is...


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.