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Syndrome – Definition and Types

A syndrome is regarded as the symptoms of medicals signs that can correlate with one another. The word originates from Greece.

What it means in Greek word is concurrence. The syndrome can also relate to pathogenesis such as the cause of the disorder, disease or syndrome. There are instances where syndromes can be inherited. Pathogenesis is common examples of inherited syndromes.

In most cases, researchers named a syndrome after the person responsible for the discovery. There are some instances where a behavior related to a syndrome is associated with a place and the syndrome is named after the place or city it was associated with.

If physicians or group of physicians are responsible for the discovery of the syndrome, then it can be named after that physician or the group of physicians that are responsible for that.

There are various pathogenic associated syndromes today. The most popular in the world today include the Wolf Hirschhorn syndrome as well as the Down syndrome, the Anderson syndrome. These syndromes are related because they have common signs and symptoms even though they have different names.

They are closely related. These are three syndromes and they appear to be specific to one disease. There are occasions where syndromes cannot be related to one disease. A good example of that syndrome includes toxic shock syndrome.

This cannot be caused by just one disease; one discovers that various diseases can be linked to this syndrome. There are various toxins that could be responsible for this kind of problem. Another example of a syndrome that can be caused by related diseases includes premenstrual syndrome. A set of symptoms are always responsible for this.

The term symptoms are generally used in the field of medicine. It is commonly used in general medicine. Even in the field of medicine, a broad definition of that term is often used. To identify them, medical experts do not have to tie them to any single pathogenesis.

However, there is a subject for the various medical syndromes. It is important to state that this is not limited to the field of medicine. It is available in other fields such as psychology and so on.

Psychopathology and psychiatry

These are the same when it comes to the usage of a syndrome. This implies that there are no differences between them. Experts also regard psychiatry syndrome to be the same thing as a psychopathological syndrome.

They are one and the same thing because they are associated with psychic dysfunction on the brain. They are associated with a mental disorder. In addition, this can refer to the various studies available about the diagnosis, origin as well as the treatment and even the development of that mental disorder.

The use of the syndrome varies. For example, in a country such as Russia, many of these psychopathological syndromes can currently in use in the country’s medical practices. Some of them that are widely used in contemporary medicine include emotional syndrome, obsessive, as well as asthenic and manic syndromes and several others.

There are various others, these are just a few of them. Just as they are used in Russia, they are used in such other countries like Germany.

In Germany for instance, there are several cases of modern psychopathological syndromes. The most popular amongst them are the psycho-organic syndrome, paranoid hallucination syndrome as well as obsessive-compulsive symptoms. There are several others, and these are just the most important.

Skeeter Syndrome is one of the medical syndromes. This is a kind of localized allergic reactions to mosquito bites. The reactions include inflammation as well as fever and so on.

This is one of the most popular medical syndromes and most people are suffering from across the world especially those in third world countries of the world where mosquito bites can be very severe.

There are instances where the disorder can be associated with a neurodevelopmental disorder. This kind of disorder is popular around the world and it is known as the Tourette syndrome.

This can manifest early enough in the life of a child. It is characterized by multiple tics such as coughing, eye blinking, facial movement, and even throat clearing and so on. This unwanted cough can be dealt with and it does affect the reasoning ability of the patient.

Attempts were made to classify these psychopathological syndromes into three different groups. The classification was done by a German psychiatrist known as Emil Kraepelin. He lived between the period 1856 to 1926. He classified them into three different groups according to their ranking and severity.

The first of such classifications include those that have mild disorders and there are at least five syndromes and they cover paranoid, emotional as well as delirious, hysterical and impulsive syndromes.

The second of that categorization is intermediate and there are two syndromes here and they include speech hallucinatory syndrome as well as the schizophrenic syndrome.

The third and last of that classification is the most severe and there are three syndromes in that group. The syndromes include oligophrenic, epileptic as well as dementia. When Kraepelin made that classification, scientists considered epilepsy as a mental illness.

However, Karl Jaspers added epilepsy as a psychosis. Three psychosis were identified, and they include manic depressive illness, epilepsy, and schizophrenia.

When it comes to the field of medicine, an expert would only apply the word to those conditions that its genetic causes are well known. Because of that, they called Trisomy 21 a Down syndrome.

The way syndrome is used in biology or psychology is not the same it is used in the medical fields. When it is used in biology, it would always refer to the general characteristics set of features and this can cover different areas.

Because of that, it is possible to talk of such syndromes like pollination syndromes, seed dispersal syndromes as well as behavioral syndromes and so on.

syndrome

There are other kinds of names giving to these syndromes and the names were given based on their characteristics, their founders, as well as history and places of discovery and so on. Syndromes were also given names according to their cause and the ways they manifest.

Here is a list of the most common syndromes:

  1. Nodding syndrome
  2. Cat eye syndrome
  3. Nephrotic syndrome
  4. Alice in Wonderland syndrome
  5. Foreign accent syndrome
  6. Kleine-Levin syndrome
  7. Stockholm syndrome
  8. Holiday heart syndrome

There are other kinds of syndromes. These are the most popular ones; these are related to medical and psychological conditions.

This article is for informational/educational purposes only. Healthtian does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment, read more.

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