36 C
Lagos
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Advertisement

Reparations for Slavery and Genocide Should Be Used to Address Health Inequities

Featured

How to Lower High Cholesterol and Avoid Heart Disease?

Cholesterol levels affect the functioning of heart in human body and thus it is important to know about the bad effects caused by the...

Signs that you are Balding and why Hair Transplant Could be Best bet

You perhaps wouldn’t want to wake up one fine day with a bladed head, but balding is a phenomenon that is also ignored by...

How to Take Care of Libido in Your Second Inning?

Having sex is usually fun right after marriage. The sex drive is usually high and the couples have a higher sex frequency. As the...

Free Radicals From Immune Cells Linked to Salt-sensitive Hypertension

In salt-sensitive hypertension, immune cells gather in the kidneys and shoot out free radicals, heightening blood pressure and damaging this pair of vital organs,...

How to Stay in Shape While Working a Desk Job

Americans sit for an incredibly high average of 9.3 hours a day. Being inactive to that extent is proven to contribute to obesity, diabetes,...

7 Healthy Eating Tips for College Students

Eating well can be a real challenge in college. Considering the workload, lifestyle, and budget of typical students, it's no wonder that college isn't...

Rising Sea Temperatures Will Hit Fisheries and Communities in Poor Countries the Hardest

Despite having some of the world’s smallest carbon footprints, small island developing states and the world’s least-developed countries will be among the places most...

Cold Weather? No Problem for a Beach Workout!

It is easy to workout outdoors during the warm season, but when the cold season comes most people discontinue their workout plan. That said,...

Optimism Reduces Stroke Severity, Inflammation

Stroke survivors with high levels of optimism had lower inflammation levels, reduced stroke severity and less physical disability after three months, compared to those...

How to Get Rid of Bad Breath and Mouth Odor

Everyone has bad breath sometimes. Bad breath is caused by due to something in the lungs and gastrointestinal tract, infections and diabetes too. Due...
Avatar
Reporterhttps://healthtian.com
Reporting news worthy and other types content from media outlets from across the web. all rights belong to their respective owners. If you want your content removed email us at legal@kraftysprouts.com with the URL.

As soon as I entered Elmina Castle (the dungeons) in Cape Coast in Ghana, I felt haunted by over 400 years of brutality and the enslavement and genocide of millions of African and Indigenous peoples. That violence still impacts the health of Black and Indigenous folks today.

Advertisement

The literal branding of Black people through mostly European state-sanctioned chattel transatlantic slavery by the Portuguese, British, French, Swedish, Dutch and Danish among others, haunted me in those dungeons. Colonialists built churches on top and below prisons, chambers, pits and caves where my ancestors were chained, branded, raped, killed and violated.

The international decade for people of African descent (2015-24), the “year of return,” encourages Africans living in the diaspora to travel back to Ghana (formerly known as the Gold Coast) to embrace their African heritage and ancestry.

As a descendant of enslaved Africans via the Caribbean, living in colonial Canada (Turtle island), and a human rights health scholar, my trip to Ghana this summer during the “year of return” was significant.

We are often asked to forget or minimize our enslavement histories through forced amnesia. But the smells of blood, sweat, terror and bones haunted me as I explored the impact of transgenerational trauma on myself and communities. These are the roots of anti-Black racism and white supremacy.

Former governor general of Canada Michaëlle Jean leaves a room at Elmina Castle in Ghana, on Nov. 29, 2006. African slaves passed through here before they were loaded onto slave ships. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Fred Chartrand)

Presently, in the United States, presidential candidates are discussing reparations for the descendants of enslaved men and women. The proposal to research reparations for African descendants, H.R. 40, has been presented to Congress.

In Canada, health justice reparations would support the implementation of the Truth and Reconciliation Committee’s Calls to Action and other Indigenous redress initiatives.

For instance, recommendation No. 21 calls upon the federal government to provide sustainable funding for existing and new Indigenous healing centres to address the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual harms caused by residential schools, and to ensure that the funding of healing centres in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories is a priority.

Reparations and justice

Health justice reparation is a call for returns to past and present-day countries that benefited from the exploitation of African and Indigenous peoples and our resources.

Advertisement

Health justice reparations are for Africans who were forcefully taken away and for those who stayed on the continent, both living through the anguish of family separation, grief and loss.

Health justice reparations need to be discussed in local, national and transnational contexts, and among non-governmental, private and governmental organizations.

Reparations have been discussed by African descendants in our communities since at least the abolition of the slave trade in 1833 in Britain.

Some scholars wrote about reparations starting in 1949 after the Second World War as the International Court of Justice heard the case “Injuries Suffered in Service of the United Nations.” Survivors of the Holocaust received reparations through funds given to Israel and the World Jewish Congress shortly after.

Although there have been many discussions on reparations for African descendants by Black politicians and legal experts, official redress for slavery and its associated atrocities before the Second World War for predominantly African populations have not been significantly considered.

Human rights compensations

Health justice funds could be used to support Black health initiatives and provide mental and physical health services to deal with the impact of transgenerational trauma.

Health justice reparations could be used to educate the public and historicize the voices of Africans and Indigenous Peoples experiencing health inequity (violence).

Democratic Presidential candidate Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., left, talks with author Ta-Nehisi Coates, right, as he waits to testify about reparation for the descendants of slaves during a hearing before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, at the Capitol in Washington, D.C., June 19, 2019. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Health justice reparations could also be used to support Indigenous Peoples living in the Americas who have suffered horrendous genocide and deal with continued health struggles because of it.

Reparations should be looked at globally as a way for African and Indigenous communities to address state-sanctioned violence and trauma against our communities transnationally.

Advertisement

African and Indigenous peoples living in Africa, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, Australia, Europe and North America, including Canada, are demanding redress for continued harm, loss and violence experienced.

Health justice reparations include compensation and amends for mental, emotional, physical, social, cultural, spiritual and financial harms. The impact of cultural genocide by forcing the enslaved to speak the languages of the colonizer and to be re-named by those colonizers needs to be addressed.

Transnational Indigenous languages need to be taught everywhere.

Collect more data

Collecting race and intersectional-based statistics is critical to addressing the health disparities in Canada and globally. The often missing data, if collected, can be used to support life-saving health research and programs.

Transgenerational health trauma is directly connected to present-day health inequities and health disparities. Addressing health disparities in Black and Indigenous communities must include ways to deal with ongoing transgenerational trauma as a direct result of colonial violence.

Health justice reparation requires recognition of the impact of violence on long-term health. Historical and contemporary anti-Black racist policies and practices need to be addressed with apologies and new policy implementation.

Structural violence inflicted on Black and Indigenous Peoples’ lives by state institutions such as the Children’s Aid Society, prison systems, hospitals, schools and public housing needs to be addressed for its impact on health.

Addressing health violence must include transnational Indigenous knowledge and anti-colonial research ethics.

The western medical model — linked to scientific racism and other forms of discrimination — must be challenged. This model has lead to cultural biases and stigma-based scientific inquiry that has created biased health research.

Health justice reparations must include debt forgiveness to countries and community members of African ancestry for transgenerational trauma. Debt forgiveness can put back money into struggling health-care systems and communities globally that were forced to cut social service spending.

Advertisement

Our conversations need not be about the impossibility of reparations. Health justice reparations is about life and death, it is about our past, present and future.

Source: The Conversation

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending now

Cold Water Vs Warm Water: One of Them is Damaging to Your Health

Most people reach for a cup of coffee or a cold cup of water right upon waking up. But, it turns out that in...

9 Diseases That Lemon Can Destroy!

Lemon is one of nature’s many wonders. The citrus fruit has numerous health and beauty benefits – it can reinforce the immune system, improve...

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

Fun Foods for Camping

Cooking can be the biggest part of the fun you have while out camping. Your appetite will absolutely open up once you are in...

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

Coronavirus – Facts, Types and Symptoms

Coronaviruses are a type of virus that mainly affects the respiratory tract of humans and other mammals. These viruses are associated with pneumonia, common...

12 Most Dangerous Cancer Causing Products in Your Home Today

The dozen products you will see on the list below are considered carcinogenic. You might be surprised to learn that some of these common...

Scarves Are Perfect for Kinky Sex

Scarves are one fashion item I love a lot. For some reasons, these light pieces are the best friend a girl can ever have...

Friends