27 C
Lagos
Friday, August 7, 2020

Monkeypox – Causes, Prevention and Cure

- Advertisement -

So, what is Monkeypox? Monkeypox, a viral disease, is caused by the Monkeypox virus. A somewhat rare disease, it primarily occurs in the remote parts of Central and West Africa, near the tropical rainforests.

When the Monkeypox virus was first discovered?

- Advertisement -

It was in 1958 that it was first discovered by a group of scientists at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark. Today, the virus is known to be a member of the ‘Orthopoxvirus’ genus in the family ‘Poxviridae’.

How Can It Affect You?

  • It is infectious in nature and causes a fatal illness in humans.
  • The disease is somewhat similar to Smallpox, but is a little milder.

How Is It Transmitted?

A zoonotic disease, it can be transmitted from animals to humans, and is usually transmitted to humans from pets and rodents through contact with the animal’s blood or a bite.

The virus can spread among humans by both respiratory and physical contact.
Risk factors for transmission include the following:

  • Sharing a bed or a room,
  • Using the same utensils
  • Coming in contact with the patient

What are the Symptoms of Monkeypox?

Its incubation period, i.e. the period between exposure to the infection and the appearance of the first symptoms is from six to sixteen days, and in some cases, it also ranges from 5 to 21 days.
There are two periods here that you need to know about.

  • The invasion period
  • The skin eruption period.

The Invasion Period

The invasion period which is from 0 to 5 days, can be characterized by fever, intense headache, swelling in the nodes of the lymph, back pain, muscle pain and an intense asthenia, i.e. lack of energy.

Further, the skin eruption period which can be traced within 1-3 days after the appearance of fever, is the period wherein various stages of the rash appears, often beginning from the face and then spreading to the other body parts.

In as much as 95% of cases, the most affected are the face, palms of the hands and soles of the feet

The Skin Eruption Period

This period can be particularly painful for patients as it’s not one thing that we are looking at, but different processes culminating into one. The entire process is detailed below.

Step 1 – Rashes emerge from maculopapules
Step 2- These then become vesicles which are actually small fluid-filled blisters.
Step 3- The vesicles then turn to pustules which then become crusts – all in as little as ten days.

- Advertisement -

The crusts disappear after around three weeks. The number of the lesions can vary from a few to several thousand, affecting the oral mucous membranes, the genitalia, eyelid, as well as the eyeball.

How Do You Distinguish Monkey Pox?

Doctors can distinguish monkeypox from other diseases through different symptoms, but one of the primary ways to notice it is the swollen lymph nodes. Here, the patient develops severe lymphadenopathy, i.e. swollen lymph nodes, before the appearance of the rash.

The entire symptom will last as many as 21 days, and are sometimes more severe, depending on virus exposure, and severity of complications.

When Are You Most Likely to Be Affected?

It has been seen that people living in or near the forested areas are more likely to be affected, having indirect or low-level exposure to infected animals.

Fatalities, as far as those that are documented, accounts for around 10% – mostly among young children. In general, people of younger age-groups, appear to be more prone to this disease.

How can we prevent Monkeypox?

There are a number of measures that one can take to prevent infection with monkeypox virus. To begin with, avoid any contact with animals that may transfer the virus – which of course, primarily includes monkeys. Here are a few tips that will help you stay safe when you are in Africa.

  1. Do not go near animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
  2. Avoid contact with any material that has been in contact with a sick animal.
  3. Since there is no specific medication for treating this disease yet, you need to be really careful
  4. However, there have been instances wherein the vaccsmallpoxall pox, and antivirals have been used to control it.

What Should You Do If You Find Someone Having Monkeypox?

In absence of a specific medication, it becomes inevitable to isolate the infected patients from others, in order to reduce the risk of further transmission of the disease.

Cleanliness

In addition to that, cleanliness has always been the first line of defence in the fight against contracting diseases, including Monkeypox. Focus on leading a healthy and hygienic life. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Avoid Monkey Meat

It is also advisable to not eat monkey meat, even if it is cooked completely, because certain bacteria don’t even die on cooking, and can cause some problems at a later stage.

Use Protective Gear

People who are involved in treating the people who are suffering from this disease, such as doctors, nurses, medical practitioners, are comparatively at a higher risk of getting exposed to such a disease through the ailing patient.

- Advertisement -

It is hence necessary for such people to use personal protective equipment, better known as PPE, when caring for patients suffering from this disease.

Being Aware – How Does It Help?

Lastly, creating awareness about the disease and also spreading information about ways by which one can tackle it, is the responsibility of the highest order, for the governments of the countries that have a large number of patients who are suffering from this disease.

For this purpose, modes of communications such as newspapers and radios etc. can be extensively used. Governments need to come out with social schemes, which might help in engaging more and more volunteers for tackling this disease and preventing it from becoming an epidemic.

It is also the responsibility of the international community, to help, in whatever way possible, either by sharing details about any research conducted to tackle this disease or by funding the welfare schemes which are aimed at controlling it.

- Advertisement -

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Kingsley Felix
Blogger and Editor here on Healthtian and other Krafty Sprouts sites, I make sure things run smoothly as they should.

Trending Now

Pedophilia – Introduction and Meaning

Peadophilia, also spelled pedophilia, alternatively called pedophilic disorder or pedophilia disorder, is defined as a psychosexual disorder, which generally affects adults, and is characterized by sexual interest or...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Bumps and Changes in the Areola – What’s Normal and What’s Not

The areola is the circle of darker pigmented skin on the breast. The nipple is the pointed (protruding) center of the areola.Nipples are sensitive...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Natural Vagina Wash and How to Take Care of Your Vagina

The vagina is a muscular tube located inside a woman’s body, it runs from the opening of the womb (called cervix) to the opening...

Women Celebrating #nobraday 2019 on Social Media (Pics)

Today is #nobraday so our team will scout social media and bring you tweets and posts across social media platforms on how women and...

Top Ways to Easily Strengthen Your Lower Body

Every one of us probably made a mistake by just focusing on the upper body while working out at the gym or...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

Kissing Disease: Can Adults Suffer From Mono?

Passing through high school as an active teenager who loved to explore and kiss a lot without getting infected with the kissing disease is...

What is a Radiologist? Everything You Need to Know

A medical expert who specializes in medical imaging and uses it to determine and treat different complications and injuries is known as a radiologist....

Anhedonia: Symptoms and Treatment

Anhedonia is referred to as the reduced ability or unwillingness to experience pleasure the way others do. That is, it is the...

When You Should Seek Help For Your Child’s Stammer

Stammering in children is incredibly common; kids are just learning a very complicated language that will take years to master and sometimes they make...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.