26 C
Lagos
Tuesday, September 29, 2020

Medications That Can Cause Dry Eyes

- Advertisement -

Amongst the various eye conditions, dry eyes are one of the most common and yet underestimated. Dry eye is a condition in which your eyes feel gritty sting burn and suffer from other symptoms of dryness. If you have been experiencing dried eyes, there is a possibility that the pills you consume every day are responsible.

- Advertisement -

Most people who take prescription and over-the-counter medications are unaware of the extent to which these pills drops and sprays affect their optical health by causing hydration in the eyes.

Dry eye is a chronic condition that is more serious than just a one time experience of dryness in the eyes, and it has been linked to the consumption of different medications ranging from simple over-the-counter drugs for flu to prescribe medications for heart disease.

For people with medical conditions that require the intake of multiple drugs, the chances of dry eyes are higher. These are a few of the medications that have been linked to dry eyes.

1. Antihistamine drugs

Antihistamine medications such as Claritin (loratadine), Allegra (fexofenadine), Benadryl (diphenhydramine), and Zyrtec (Cetirizine), are prescribed to help prevent the effect of chemical histamine produced by the body as a way of attacking allergens.

These drugs are effective at reducing the discomfort that comes with cold symptoms and allergic reactions such as a running nose, itching, watery eyes, and sneezing. Unfortunately, these antihistamine medications have a side effect that reduces the thin tear film that was designed to keep your eyes moist.

The most intriguing part is dry eyes have very similar symptoms to an allergic reaction, so when you take some antihistamine drugs, you are fighting an allergic reaction by causing another similar response that will have you blinking and trying to figure out how drops of sand got into your eyes and made them dry.

2. Medications for nasal decongestion

They might be good at clearing up your nostrils, but not all of them are friendly to your eyes. Over the counter drugs for nasal decongestion are the first point of call when it comes to relieving cold and flu symptoms that make you uncomfortable.

Nasal decongestants work by narrowing the blood vessels in the nose membrane here by reducing blood flow to the swollen nasal tissues I’m making it easy to breathe with a blocked up nose.

Nasal decongestants come in the form of sprays liquids and tablets, and most of them contain pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, and oxymetazoline that are notorious for reducing the production of tears like antihistamines.

- Advertisement -

3. Drugs to lower blood pressure

People who suffer from high blood pressure and other heart diseases might have to take pills to treat their medical challenges, and that makes them very likely to suffer from dry eyes.

Take beta blockers, for example, they lessen blood vessel contraction, reduce the force of the heart muscle contractions, and slow heart rate.

However, they have been discovered to decrease the sensitivity of the cornea, and that can dampen the stimulus for the tear glands to release tears.

Also, drugs like diuretics that are also meant to regulate blood pressure by causing disease patient to urinate more and drugs like Microzide and Lasix forces the body to expel excess water and also causes eye dryness.

4. Parkinson drugs, antipsychotics and antidepressants

Drugs that block the transmission of nerve impulses such as antidepressants and schizophrenia medicine are culprits of eye dryness.

On a regular basis, when a healthy nerve senses eye dryness, it sends a signal to the brain that triggers the release of tears. But in the situation where there is a break in the communication process, eye dryness is inevitable.

Drugs like Artane which is used to tackle tremors, stiffness, and spasms in Parkinson disease has the same anticholinergic properties in antidepressants and medications used for treating schizophrenia that cause a block in the transmission of nerve impulses.

Almost all medications in the class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can also cause eye dryness.

5. Oral contraceptives and Hormone therapy

For women who are on hormone therapy, especially those who take estrogens alone there is a higher chance of them experiencing in a dry eye compared to those who are on a combination of both estrogen and progesterone.

Women who make use of birth control pills are also likely to suffer from dry eyes as a result of hormonal changes linked with these pills. However, the exact relationship between address and hormones is yet to be ascertained.

- Advertisement -

6. Acne medicine

For severe cases of acne that does not respond to other forms of treatment dermatologist resolve to prescribe isotretinoin. Isotretinoin is a potent drug that once was sold under the brand name Accutane.

This drug is known to dry up oil glands and causing irritation of eyelids and the eyes among other side effects.

Accutane was pulled out of the drug market back in 2009 because it was discovered that people who took it had suicidal thoughts, congenital disabilities, depression, and bowel disorders. Other drugs are generic versions of Accutane in the market.

7. Eye drops

But this may be surprising, but specific eye drops have been discovered to exacerbate the symptoms of dry eye. Eye drops that clear redness from the eyes are suspected to also contributed to dry eyes, so it is advisable to find out why your eyes are red instead of going ahead to clear the redness.

If you notice your suffering from dry eyes as a result of medications you have been taken, please see your doctor and find out if you can get older drugs that would not have that effect or if there are ways to reduce dry eye.

Dry Eyes
  • Save
- Advertisement -

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Emmanuella Ekokotu
Ekokotu Emmanuella is a sociologist and Anthropologist, writer, and fashion model who lives in Benin city, Edo state,Nigeria.
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Dismantling the Myths of Chiropractic Care

Approximately 80% of Americans experience back problems at some point in their lives. Having said that, chiropractic care has been proven to be a...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Hole in the Heart: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Normally, the heart is divided into two parts - left and right - which are separated by a septum (which separates the two upper...

7 Types of Disability and Examples

For disabled people life is a lot different than the rest of us. They don’t lead normal lives like we do and need assistance...

New Treatment Option for Essential Tremor

Essential or benign tremor may be painless, but it can be a highly frustrating experience that results in a drastic reduction of...

8 Majors Types of Bongs – Which One Strikes You

One of the best ways to consume cannabis is to smoke it straight from a bong. Bong offers a better way to enjoy your...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

How to Spot Signs of Whiplash and What to Do Next?

If you’re reading this, chances are you’ve recently been involved in a car accident and are wondering if the symptoms you are feeling are...

Coronavirus: 7 Effective Ways to Boost Your Immune System

Coronavirus is the trending topic in the world now. This viral infection has caused a huge number of deaths in the world today. Some...

Career Choices After Taking Masters In Clinical Nutrition Online Courses

Proper nutrition and diet play a crucial role in an individual’s overall health. Despite advances in healthcare and medicine, many individuals still face various...

Shilajit’s Potential Against Allergies

Shilajit has been found to have strong immune-boosting properties, and researchers credit the high levels of fulvic acid to be the reason for this....

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Dry Eyes
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap