Intrauterine Insemination Infertility is a very difficult medical condition, which often has wide and hard-impacting consequences for all those who are affected by it Lacking the ability to have children is not only significant for the person who is suffering from it, but also for their partner and any future relationships, which often leave strong psychological and physical consequences.
For many years, infertility was seen as a definite condition that was mostly incurable. Today, thanks to the giant leaps which were made by the modern technology, infertility does not have to be a permanent reason for a couple not to have children.
The same possibility comes in the form of a procedure called intrauterine insemination. Using it, couples who are otherwise deemed unable to produce children are given an opportunity to reverse this condition and receive a healthy child. But, at the same time, many are in the dark when it comes to intrauterine insemination and what does it precisely include. Here are some key explanations about it and why is it a true technological boon for all childless parents.
The Basics of Intrauterine Insemination
This procedure, also known under the short version of IUI, falls into a bigger group called artificial insemination. In this case, sperm cells that have been concentrated and purified (the process is called “washing” because it takes out all unnecessary components) are transported directly into the woman’s uterus. This takes place during the time when the woman is fertile, or when the ovary produces and releases an egg that can be fertilized.
From here, the desired outcome is that the same sperm will proceed further and fertilize the same egg, which will lead to a regular pregnancy. Along with this, intrauterine insemination is often coordinated with the menstrual cycle and with any possible medications for fertility that the woman in question is using.
How is IUI Preformed
The process of intrauterine insemination has several phases. Firstly, the woman is most provided with medication that will help her ovary grow more than one egg and IUI takes place during ovulation when the same eggs are released. A sample of sperm that was previously produced (2 to 5 days earlier) is then injected using a catheter which is very flexible and completely sterile. With the injection of sperm, the procedure is basically over and the sperm is left to fertilize the egg.
After a short period of lying down (some clinic do not include even this), the woman is free to leave. The same process should include very little or possibly none discomfort for the women undergoing the treatment.
Intrauterine Insemination Success Rates
Getting precise data on the exact success rate of IUI is not possible because of many additional factors that go into every child conception. Mainly, it depends on the exact age of a woman who is getting the procedure and the condition of her fallopian tubes on one side and the state of sperm cells on the other. But generally speaking, with women aged around 30 years who are having problems with a Polycystic ovarian syndrome (a common problem with ovulation cycles) that is using intrauterine insemination along with fertility medications, the chance of success is about 1 in 5 (20%) on a monthly basis.
In other words, IUI produces a lot bigger chance of conception compared to the cases where the couple was simply not able to conceive for a period longer than 18 months.
Intrauterine insemination is truly a wonder of modern medicine. Using this relatively simple and practically painless procedure, which can be tried month after month, couples who are struggling with fertility can really get a much bigger chance of getting children. Because of its many benefits, everyone who is having difficulty in conceiving a child should think about trying intrauterine insemination.
Millie Behera is the Founder & Medical Director at Bloom Reproductive Institute, Scottsdale, Arizona. She is board certified in Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology. Dr.Behera has published a number of research papers and international presentations in the field of in-vitro fertilization, non-invasive treatment of fibroids, fertility preservation therapies, and advanced robotic surgery.