27 C
Lagos
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Advertisement

Hypospadias – the Most Common Birth Defect No One Talks About

Featured

All About Older Women and Younger Men Relationships

Over the past decades we have experienced a rise in relationships involving younger men and older women.It has become a trend for lots of...

Learning from the Best: The Importance of Choosing a Certified Yoga Instructor

When considering yoga teacher training for your future career as a yoga teacher, selecting a certified yoga instructor is important in teaching you the...

Health Risks of Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic means “building up”, and anabolic steroid means building up muscles. In the past few years, use and misuse of these steroids have become...

It’s Summer! Why Do I Have a Cold?

We all look forward to the warmth of summer-time. It's a time to get away, have fun and go outside. Isn’t it just simply...

Sleep Wrinkles Ever Heard about Them?

A good beauty nap is top recommendation for fighting aging skin. And yes it gives you a rejuvenated mind, body and health. But surprisingly,...

5 Points That Prove Why Investment in Health Insurance Is a Brilliant Idea

We’re sure you’ll agree: Almost everyone wishes to lead a healthier and happier life. If only it were that easy… You’ll be shocked to...

Do You Want to Gain Weight?

Unlike reducing weight, gaining weight is also one of the common issues that one faces. There are many people who want to gain weight...

How to Clean Your Teeth Using a Water Flosser?

Flossing is quite pertinent to oral hygiene, but sometimes people avoid it simply because the dental floss string is not an appealing and convenient...

Preparing Your Child for a New School

You have been looking for a new home to move to, to accommodate your ever-growing family. You have tried to find one in the...

Sleep Positions and Pillow Use

Comfort is key to having a good sleep, and for a lot of people, comfort means different things. Comfort to some people is a...
Guest
This post was written by a Guest Author. Please see their details in the post above. If you'd like to Contribute towards the growth of Healthtian, please check our Contributor Page for details about how YOU can share your tips with our growing community.

With significant taboo surrounding the mere pronunciation of the word, ‘penis,’ can urologists raise awareness for the identification of the most common birth defect no one talks about?

Advertisement

Prevalence

Affecting 1 out of 250 male births, hypospadias is the most common penile birth defect that is often accompanied by genital abnormalities such as undescended testes, micropenis, or inguinal hernias.

Hypospadias is a condition where the urethra opens on the underside of the penis, causing the urinary flow to deflect into a thin or double stream.

In 50% of cases, the urethral opening or meatus is situated near the tip of the penis, that is, along the anterior side of the urethra.

While distal hypospadias is a milder form of hypospadias, proximal hypospadias – where the urethral opening is further towards the scrotum or perineum – is more severe, despite occurring in only 20% of cases. Proximal hypospadias can also lead to infertility in the future if left untreated.

Depending on the genital malformation’s severity, there are different aspects of hypospadias repair, but with a singular aim, that is to rehabilitate the psychological and physical suffering of the male child.

Nearly 85% of hypospadias conditions are considered to be mild, mainly because patients and their parents are too oblivious to notice the defect without any symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

There are usually three main symptoms concerning hypospadias.

  • One, an opening on the ventral aspect of the penis leads to a downward or irregular stream of urine, that is, the flow might be in various directions.
  • Two, the curvature of the penis might curve, known as chordee, with prolongation of the disease, and thus result in a painful erection.
  • Three, the patient might be unable to indulge in coitus, which can lead to infertility or the inability to father children in the future.

Usually, symptoms occur right after childbirth, where the child experiences straining due to hesitancy in urinary flow. But in cases where the condition goes unnoticed, complications begin to arise when the male grows up to the age where he can indulge in sexual intercourse.

Causes and Risk Factors – How does Hypospadias occur?

hypospadias

Advertisement

Many urologists might be able to ‘inform’ the parents of an existing offspring with hypospadias regarding its possibility of affecting further children with the same condition. But, doctors themselves are unsure as to what causes the most common congenital disability known to man in the first place.

While genetics plays a vital role in the malformation of any structure of the human body, many researchers of the CDC were adamant about finding out the risk factors for hypospadias.

As inconclusive as it might seem, many researchers were able to identify several risk factors that may or may not promote the prevalence of hypospadias in the family. But, with risk factors of a mother’s environment, it was also concluded that they are not only controllable but also avoidable.

Genes

If your child’s father or brother were born with hypospadias or any other condition of malformation of the genitalia, it is more likely that its genes run in the family. But, while it’s a possibility, it’s not a definite occurrence.

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Assisted reproductive technology is a form of fertility treatment that many women undergo if they’re unable to conceive naturally. While it’s pretty standard in the U.S, fertility treatments might lead to an increased risk of congenital structural disabilities, especially hypospadias, in the conceived fetus.

Hormonal Therapy

Women who might have taken specific hormonal therapies before or after conception might have an increased risk of bearing children with hypospadias.

Increasing Age and Weight

Increasing age (>35) has already been found to be a significant risk factor for chromosomal anomalies such as Down’s syndrome.

But mothers who were obese and >35 in age were also considered as significant risk factors for bearing children with hypospadias.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Hypospadias is usually diagnosed after the child is born. It is the most common penile birth defect.

At times, it might be evident before circumcision, or after symptoms occur. Hypospadias repair surgery is generally recommended after the child is above six years of age.

Advertisement

However, in extreme cases, surgery is considered when the child is at least 18 months of age to minimize complications following hypospadias repair.

Following the surgery, some male infants might observe the dribbling of urine from their urethra, coupled with the inability to evacuate the urinary bladder completely.

Children can also go into urinary retention as a consequence of not being able to pass urine from the opening of their urethra on the tip of their glans penis.

It is most likely due to an abnormal narrowing of the urethral opening, which is known as meatal stenosis that occurs after hypospadias repair but is not very common.

Sexual Health

Surprisingly, according to a German study concerning 225 males with hypospadias, only 6 of them were unaware of the genital malformation of their penis, and had gone undiagnosed to this point!

This was because all 6 of them didn’t experience any difficulty during voiding or discomfort during sexual intercourse. Except for one homosexual patient, all of the five remaining men didn’t even experience any pain during ejaculation, and thus, had successfully fathered offspring of their own!

If you know any child with hypospadias, consider counseling and educating the patient’s family about the concerns related to its correctional surgery. Together, we can end the taboo affecting our children, and move towards a civilized, educated, and prosperous society.

There should be no stigma or taboo in an ailment that’s affecting the physical and psychological health of our children. Not only will these children grow up to be better citizens who don’t feel shame in anybody’s physical malformations, but also active members of the society.

Author Bio:

Alma Causey is a Freelance writer by day and sports fan by night As a blogger she wrote quite a few posts on health, technology as well as management. She loves to discover new places and share experiences in words. She is currently associated with hypospadias .Oh, Alma- is incomplete without cats. Find her on Twitter: @Almacausey

Advertisement

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending now

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Coronavirus – Facts, Types and Symptoms

Coronaviruses are a type of virus that mainly affects the respiratory tract of humans and other mammals. These viruses are associated with pneumonia, common...

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Breaking News! First Case of Coronavirus Confirmed in Nigeria

The Federal Ministry of Health has confirmed a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) case in Lagos State, Nigeria.A statement issued by the Minister of Health, Dr...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color and texture...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

Photos of Women’s Orgasm Faces Show True Female Desire Is Nothing Like Porn

A photographer has captured women’s faces before, during and after they orgasm to lift the lid on real female sexuality.Brazilian photographer Marcos Alberti said...

Is Zobo Drink Healthy for Pregnant Women?

Zobo drink is a popular drink in Nigeria and it is loved by many; this common drink is made with hibiscus flower and it...

Surprising Health Benefits Of Mango Leaves

Mangoes known as the king of fruits are common and popular fruits in Nigeria, there are very common from February/march till the middle of...

Swiss Medica Review: Who is Stem Cell Therapy Suitable For?

There is a growing number of difficult-to-treat diseases that people are suffering from. Stem cells offer great promise for new medical treatments. Read on...

WHO Coronavirus Coping Advice for the Public

Stay up to date with the latest information on the Wuhan coronavirus (now known as COVID-19) outbreak, made available by the WHO. COVID-19 is...

How to Increase Appetite in Children Naturally?

Poor appetite is the leading cause of malnutrition in children; every child pass through this phase at a point in their lives, others make...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your hair, but...

Blocked Fallopian Tube – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The female reproductive organ that connects the ovaries and the uterus is known as the Fallopian tubes. During ovulation every month, which occurs around...

Friends