29 C
Lagos
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Advertisement

Bulimia Nervosa – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Featured

Clean as a Whistle: The Health Benefits of Hand Washing

There you are coiled up in a duvet, honking into a tissue and croaking at family members to pass the remote control so the...

Managing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) In Children

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a medical condition that affects self-control and attention of a person. This condition makes it difficult for a...

Toxic Shock Syndrome(TSS): Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Toxic shock syndrome otherwise known as TSS is a sporadic disease condition which can likewise be considered life-threatening if not taken care of properly....

Mental Exercises to Improve Your Memory

The brains strength and potency determines the efficiency of its memory. There are numerous activities involving the brain one can undertake to improve memory....

10 Best Anti-aging Foods for Younger Healthy Looking Skin

As you grow old, your skin cells start to break down. It’s natural and something that can’t be reversed. Although you can’t hide your...

Fungal Infections: Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

Disease and infections are ranged in mild to severe conditions. Some of them are common, while some are rare enough that cures are still...

Leaky Gut Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Leaky gut syndrome is a medical condition that has gained a lot of attention in recent years. In fact, it is a subject of...

How to Soothe Your Muscle and Joint Pains With Prenatal Massage

During the nine months of pregnancy, back pain becomes a constant in the life of the future mother. This is because of water retention,...

You Don’t Need Gym! Achieve Perfect Butt With These 7 Sex Positions

If you are looking for how to perfect your butt, these seven sex positions can do the magic for you. You do not need...

Personal Hygiene Tips for Ladies

Cleanliness, they say is next to Godliness. Being clean isn’t only about staying in a clean environment or bathing daily, but it also refers...
Avatar
Victor Anunobi
Victor Anunobi is an environmentalist, writer and movie enthusiast living in the city of Lagos, Nigeria. He enjoys long walks, food and alternative music.

Food sometimes is the only thing we can indulge in whenever we are going through certain difficult situations.

Advertisement

For example, chocolate has been proven to improve depression and anxiety symptoms. Also, drinking a cup of warm milk helps you sleep soundly at night.

But what happens when we indulge to the point when we can no longer control ourselves? What happens when overeating becomes a compulsion?

Bulimia nervosa, also known as bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and followed by purging. It is a potentially life-threatening eating disorder with severe consequences on both the psyche and the body.

People in with bulimia may secretly binge – eating copious amounts of food with no control over how they eat – and then purge the food to get rid of calories. The most common forms of purging are by vomiting and with by abuse of laxatives.

Other means of losing calories and preventing weight gain include the use of enemas, weight supplements, fasting for long periods or by excessive exercise. Bulimia is often associated with other mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, and drug and alcohol abuse.

Causes

While people with bulimia may be at a normal weight, many are preoccupied with their weight and body shape.

They may judge their body image too harshly, exaggerating all their perceived flaws. This becomes very difficult to overcome as it affects the sufferer not just physically but also psychologically.

However, genetics sometimes plays a role in the incidence of bulimia. Studies have shown that more than 50% estimated risk of developing an eating disorder is due to genetics.

Bulimia is most common in women – especially young women – but it can also be found in men. Other risk factors include:

Advertisement

Symptoms

Physical symptoms of bulimia nervosa include;

  • Chronic dehydration
  • Oral trauma such as lacerations around the lining of the mouth as a result of excessive vomiting
  • Electrolyte imbalance which can lead to irregular heart rhythms, cardiac arrest and even death.
  • Calluses on knuckles and hands from sticking fingers down their throat to induce vomiting.
  • Discolored teeth as a result of stomach acid from excessive throwing up.
  • Observable fluctuations in weight.
  • Inflammation of the esophagus.
  • Stomach cramps
  • Peptic ulcer from the wearing out of the gastrointestinal lining.
  • Swollen salivary glands
  • Dental problems such as wearing out of tooth enamel, cavities and sensitivity of teeth.
  • Dizziness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Compromised immune functioning
  •  Dry and brittle nails
  • Elevated blood sugar and cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia

Other symptoms that may indicate whether someone is bulimic are:

  • Preoccupation with how they look
  • Fixation on the amount of calories they consume
  • Distorted and unrealistic image of how their bodies should look like
  • Suicidal tendencies
  • Regular trips to the bathroom soon after eating
  • The disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods
  • Unscrupulous use of weight supplement pills and laxative
  • Compulsive and excessive exercising
  • Fasting for periods longer than recommended
  • Fatigue or exhaustion
  •  Extreme mood swings
  • Fear of eating in public or with others
  • The practice of any new diet fad that promises weight loss
  • Withdrawal or isolation from usual activities or friends
  • Bloated look as a result of fluid retention
  • Excessive use of mouthwash, gum and mint

Diagnoses

Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia is commonly diagnosed during adolescence, usually between the ages of 13 and 20 years. People with bulimia are often diagnosed with other affective disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, and substance dependency.

If you think you or someone you know may have bulimia, it is best to seek help by consulting an eating disorder specialist.

Questions will be asked about your feeding habits, weight, and overall mental and physical health and this will be followed by physical tests carried out on the patient.

The criteria for bulimia listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), published by the American Psychiatric Association will be used to check if the person truly suffers from bulimia.

Treatment

Since bulimia affects both the psyche and the body, treatment occurs by counseling and medication.

Treatment plans are tailored specifically to the individual and it takes into consideration other needs such as depression and anxiety.

The patient will be offered the support of a therapist and may be offered cognitive behavioral therapy which involves teaching a person to challenge automatic thoughts and engage in behavioral experiments.

Advertisement

Medication may also be required for the treatment of underlying mental disorders such as depression. A few tips to recover from bulimia are:

  1. Break the cycle of bingeing and purging: This may prove difficult at first but it is a necessary step for the patient to take as it restores normal eating behaviors. Since strict dieting influences bulimia, dieting plans should be more relaxed.
  2. Develop a healthy relationship with food.
  3. Build a healthy sense of self and improve negative thoughts by challenging dysfunctional thoughts.
  4. Avoid situations that could trigger a bulimic episode.
  5. Foster and develop a healthy body image with yourself and even with others.

Recovering from bulimia nervosa is a slow and stressful process that requires careful attention from therapists and love and support from friends and family.

Knowing when to seek help from a counselor or health professional is very important.

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending now

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

What Areas to Trim With Coolsculpting?

Have you tried dieting, exercising, yoga, aerobics, going vegetarian or vegan, drinking only smoothies, but nothing helps in trimming away some of that annoying...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color and texture...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

Coronavirus – Facts, Types and Symptoms

Coronaviruses are a type of virus that mainly affects the respiratory tract of humans and other mammals. These viruses are associated with pneumonia, common...

Is Zobo Drink Healthy for Pregnant Women?

Zobo drink is a popular drink in Nigeria and it is loved by many; this common drink is made with hibiscus flower and it...

Photos of Women’s Orgasm Faces Show True Female Desire Is Nothing Like Porn

A photographer has captured women’s faces before, during and after they orgasm to lift the lid on real female sexuality. Brazilian photographer Marcos Alberti said...

7 Standing Sex Positions

Sex is more appealing when you do it in various ways and in many different places altogether. The best way to achieve his is...

Friends