26 C
Lagos
Saturday, August 15, 2020

Artemisia Annua: the Plant Behind Madagascar’s ‘COVID-organics’ Coronavirus Cure

- Advertisement -

Artemisia annua, also popularly known as sweet wormwood, sweet sagewort, sweet annie, annual wormwood, or annual mugwort, is a common type of wormwood that is native to the temperate region of Asia, but naturalized in different countries including parts of North America.

  • Scientific classification
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Scientific name: Artemisia annua
  • Rank: Species
  • Higher classification: Mugworts
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Asterales

Characteristics of Artemisia annua

- Advertisement -

Artemisia annua is a member of the Asteraceae plant family and is an annual short-day plant. The stem of this plant is either brownish or violet-brown. The wormwood plant itself is wholly hairless and grows naturally from 30 to 100 cm tall.

However, in cultivation, a sweet wormwood plant can get to a height of 200 cm. The A. Annual leaves have a length of approximately 3–5 cm and are shared by deep cuts into about two to three small leaflets.

A significant characteristic of the leaves is the intensive aromatic scent. The content of artemisinin in dried leaves of the sweet wormwood plant is between 0% and 1.5%.

New hybrids of the Artemisia annua was developed in Switzerland and can reach a leaf artemisinin content of as much as 2%. The small flowers of this plant have a diameter of around 2–2.5 mm and are naturally positioned in loose panicles.

The color of this plant’s flower is green-yellowish. It also has seeds that are brown achenes with a 0.6–0.8 mm diameter. Their thousand-kernel has an average weight of around 0.03 g (on the other hand, wheat has a TKW of approximately 45 g).

Agricultural Practice

The growing period of Sweet wormwood from seeding till harvest stage is around 190–240 days, depending on the altitude and climate of the production area.

The plant has to be harvested at the start of flowering. At that time, the leave’s artemisinin content is at its highest. The Dry leave yields of Artemisia annua plantations usually vary between 0.5 and 3 t/ha.

In terms of the preferred climate, A. annua loves warm and sunny conditions. The plant’s optimal growth temperature is within 20 and 25 °C. There is also an Annual temperature sum of 3500–5000 °C required to guarantee the plant’s proper maturing.

The rainfall during this plant’s growing season should not be below 600 mm ( the annual rain shouldn’t be higher than 1150 mm). Mostly the seedlings of sweet wormwood are susceptible to water lodging or drought.

- Advertisement -

On the other hand, the mature plants of this species are quite resistant to such climate conditions.

Preferred soil condition

The preferred soil conditions for a sweet wormwood plant are light soils with deep topsoils and proper drainage properties. However, it is reported that this plant is adaptable to various soil types.

Coupled with the relatively low demand in an environment, the sweet wormwood can have characteristics of a neophytic plant.

This plant has been praised for its medicinal properties. Most famous for being an effective malaria treatment, the sweet wormwood has also been tested as a cancer treatment and showed promise.

Most recently, it is rumored to be the herb behind the supposed cure for the novel coronavirus, Covid-19, discovered in Madagascar. The sweet wormwood can also be used in foods and teas.

We hope that you found this article helpful. Do not hesitate to leave comments below.

- Advertisement -

Disclaimer: This article is purely informative & educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

Emmanuella Ekokotu
Ekokotu Emmanuella is a sociologist and Anthropologist, writer, and fashion model who lives in Benin city, Edo state,Nigeria.

Trending Now

Avoiding Lead Exposure From the Spices You Consume

When it comes to eating both clean and healthy, people often praise spices because they help you reduce excess fat and salt as they...
- Advertisement -

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color...

How to Increase Sodium Levels in Your Blood?

Levels of sodium in the blood is often a misunderstood topic and it is extremely necessary that we as individuals understand the meaning and...

Spider Bites: Symptoms, Treatment & Identification

Spider bites in the United States are often annoying but they are rarely fatal. If a person gets bitten by a black...

Atis Fruit: 10 Health Benefits of Eating Sugar Apple

Sugar apple (Atis fruit), is the Annona squamosa fruit belonging to the natives of West Indies and to the tropical Americas like Peru, Mexico,...

What Causes Pain Between Shoulder Blades?

Shoulder blade is in the upper side of your back, the scapulae, which become prominent if you pull your elbows close to your trunk...

8 Ways to Remove Dandruff Without Washing Hair

There are about 50 million Americans are diagnosed with dandruff which is an alert problem. Dandruff not only cause damage to your...

12 Different Body Shapes of Women

Human beings have different body shapes and each shape depends on what you wear. However, before you decide on what to wear, you must...

10 Dangerous Diseases Spread by Cockroaches and Their Symptoms

In one of our articles on home pests; we talked about cockroaches and effective natural ways of getting rid of them and the main...

Friends

Newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

- Advertisement -

Related Posts

How Much CBD Oil Benefits for Health Without THC?: Pros & Cons, Expert Comments

Most people have heard about CBD at this point, as well as the various benefits that can come from taking a CBD supplement. If...

Sweet Simplicity: Natural Sweeteners that are actually Good for You

One of the easiest ways to improve your diet is to make the switch from refined white sugar to healthy natural sweeteners. We’re not...

What Are Spice Terpenes and Why You Need to Try Them Today!

Over the last few years, cannabis terpenes have established a prominent space in the cannabis industry. The use of terpenes in various canna-products is...

12 Types of Plants You Can Put in Your Homes to Help Improve the Quality of Sleep and Purify the Air

Common problems with the oxygen we inhale are happening right now, and in some cases, an injury with the lung can result in a...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.