Home Nature Artemisia Annua: the Plant Behind Madagascar's...

Artemisia Annua: the Plant Behind Madagascar’s ‘COVID-organics’ Coronavirus Cure

Artemisia annua, also popularly known as sweet wormwood, sweet sagewort, sweet annie, annual wormwood, or annual mugwort, is a common type of wormwood that is native to the temperate region of Asia, but naturalized in different countries including parts of North America.

  • Scientific classification
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Scientific name: Artemisia annua
  • Rank: Species
  • Higher classification: Mugworts
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Asterales

Characteristics of Artemisia annua

Artemisia annua is a member of the Asteraceae plant family and is an annual short-day plant. The stem of this plant is either brownish or violet-brown. The wormwood plant itself is wholly hairless and grows naturally from 30 to 100 cm tall.

However, in cultivation, a sweet wormwood plant can get to a height of 200 cm. The A. Annual leaves have a length of approximately 3–5 cm and are shared by deep cuts into about two to three small leaflets.

A significant characteristic of the leaves is the intensive aromatic scent. The content of artemisinin in dried leaves of the sweet wormwood plant is between 0% and 1.5%.

New hybrids of the Artemisia annua was developed in Switzerland and can reach a leaf artemisinin content of as much as 2%. The small flowers of this plant have a diameter of around 2–2.5 mm and are naturally positioned in loose panicles.

The color of this plant’s flower is green-yellowish. It also has seeds that are brown achenes with a 0.6–0.8 mm diameter. Their thousand-kernel has an average weight of around 0.03 g (on the other hand, wheat has a TKW of approximately 45 g).

Agricultural Practice

The growing period of Sweet wormwood from seeding till harvest stage is around 190–240 days, depending on the altitude and climate of the production area.

The plant has to be harvested at the start of flowering. At that time, the leave’s artemisinin content is at its highest. The Dry leave yields of Artemisia annua plantations usually vary between 0.5 and 3 t/ha.

In terms of the preferred climate, A. annua loves warm and sunny conditions. The plant’s optimal growth temperature is within 20 and 25 °C. There is also an Annual temperature sum of 3500–5000 °C required to guarantee the plant’s proper maturing.

The rainfall during this plant’s growing season should not be below 600 mm ( the annual rain shouldn’t be higher than 1150 mm). Mostly the seedlings of sweet wormwood are susceptible to water lodging or drought.

On the other hand, the mature plants of this species are quite resistant to such climate conditions.

Preferred soil condition

The preferred soil conditions for a sweet wormwood plant are light soils with deep topsoils and proper drainage properties. However, it is reported that this plant is adaptable to various soil types.

Coupled with the relatively low demand in an environment, the sweet wormwood can have characteristics of a neophytic plant.

This plant has been praised for its medicinal properties. Most famous for being an effective malaria treatment, the sweet wormwood has also been tested as a cancer treatment and showed promise.

Most recently, it is rumored to be the herb behind the supposed cure for the novel coronavirus, Covid-19, discovered in Madagascar. The sweet wormwood can also be used in foods and teas.

We hope that you found this article helpful. Do not hesitate to leave comments below.

Emmanuella Ekokotu
Ekokotu Emmanuella is a sociologist and Anthropologist, writer, and fashion model who lives in Benin city, Edo state,Nigeria.

Trending Posts

What Is Anhedonia? Symptoms and Treatment

Anhedonia is referred to as the reduced ability or unwillingness to experience pleasure the way others do. That is, it is the diminished ability...
- Advertisement -

C-section (Cesarean Section): Purpose, Procedure, Risks and More

A C-Section also referred to as cesarean delivery or cesarean section, is the surgical procedure carried out to deliver a baby. This involves an...

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color and texture...

A Few Reasons Why Its OK to Go Braless

Having a bra on for long hours is one of the most uncomfortable things that a lady has to deal with almost every day....

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

12 Most Common Diseases in Nigeria

Nigeria is currently Africa’s most populated country. With a population of over 186 million people according to date from 2016, the country is no...

Friends

Stay Connected

Get our Wellness newsletter

Nurture yourself with health tips, wellness advice, and more.

Related Posts

Just Add Steam – 5 Health Benefits of Ylang-Ylang

Ylang-Ylang was not a well-known as an essential oil until recently, but it’s amazing health benefits helped it to quickly soar in popularity and...

CBD: The Natural Solution to a Healthier Life

Cannabidiol, or CBD, has been a popular topic of conversation with the global rise in legalization of medical cannabis products, and the resulting rapid...

Centella Asiatica: Uses and Health Benefits

Centella asiatica is a medicinal plant native to subtropical areas of Asia: India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Malaysia. It is one of the medicinal plants belonging to the family Apiaceae.This medicinal...

Kratom for Weight Loss – Everything You Need to Know

Nowadays, all over the world, most of the people suffer from obesity and the related challenges that it poses. One might think that how...

How Cannabis Provide Quick Relief for Severe Pains?

CBD industry is growing day by day. Most of the people started using it for various health benefits. Researches have been going on to...
- Advertisement -

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here