29 C
Lagos
Monday, February 17, 2020
Advertisement

Adjustment Disorder – Causes and Treatment

Featured

Casting Light on the Brain’s Inner Workings

The mammalian brain is the most complex organ in the body, capable of processing thousands of stimuli simultaneously to analyze patterns, predict changes and...

Wonderful Health Benefits of Eating Kerson Fruit

In an age filled with such variety of diseases, we all need to have a card up our sleeves that will allow us to...

5 Dangers of Gum Disease

While most people are vigilant about caring for their teeth, not everyone is aware of how important it is to care for your gums....

7 Best Gentle Beauty Regimen

Linden Tyler, a reputed name in the beauty industry, once said that we should invest in our skin, as it will represent us for...

Clitoral Stimulation: Techniques and Positions to Achieve Orgasm

Knowledge is pleasure. And if you have a clitoris, the more information you can get about it and all its workings, the more options...

How to Quit Drinking Naturally?

Alcohol is a widely taken beverage that is dangerous to the body especially when taken in excess; it leads to many types of dangerous...

The Immense Benefits of Light Up Shoes for Kids

Do you remember wearing those noisy , LED  shoes in the 90’s. You must have surely been in love with those squeaky and glowing...

Obesity, second to smoking as the most preventable cause of US deaths, needs new approaches

The opioid crisis and deaths related to e-cigarette use among teenagers have dominated news headlines recently. Recently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported...

While Getting Older, be Stronger: 8 Ways CBD Help the Elderly

Safe is perhaps the first thing you would think of whenever you’ll hear the word CBD. Cannabidiol or CBD is becoming more prominent in...

19 Healthy Late Night Snacks to Control Craving

Eating healthy food is almost everyone’s dream. Though we like to munch on tasty unhealthy food sometimes, this will result in the accumulation of...
Avatar
Oluwafemi Michael
Oluwafemi Michael is an online Mental Health Therapist, Advocate for Mental Health Awareness, a programmer, and also a content creator from Edo state, Akoko-Edo LG.

Adjustment disorder can be characterized as a set of conditions that may occur when a person is having difficulty dealing with stressful life events.

Advertisement

These events could include relationship issues, death of a loved one, or getting laid off from work. While stress is inevitable, some individuals find it challenging to handle some stressors. Adjustment disorder can affect both children and adults.

Complications adjusting to stressful events may trigger one or more extreme psychological symptoms. It could even cause some physical symptoms. There are six distinct types of adjustment disorders and each with its signs and symptoms.

Treatment of these disorders may be possible using medications, therapy, or the combination of both. A person dealing with adjustment disorder can make a full recovery with proper attention.

Unless stressor persists, the disorder shouldn’t last more than six months.

Recognizing symptoms of adjustment disorder

The physical and mental symptoms linked with adjustment disorder typically manifest during or immediately after a person has experienced a stressful event.

Even though the disorder doesn’t last more than half a year, symptoms may persist if a person is continually exposed to stressors. While some individuals can experience one symptom, others may experience more than one.

Mental symptoms associated with adjustment disorders can include:

  • Anxiousness
  • Impulsive or rebellious actions
  • Crying
  • The feeling of hopelessness, sadness
  • The feeling of being trapped or claustrophobic
  • Withdrawn
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Lack of concentration
  • Low self-esteem

Physical symptoms may include;

Advertisement
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Indigestion
  • Muscle trembling or twitching
  • Soreness or body pain

The six different types of adjustment disorder include the following:

1. Adjustment disorder & depressed mood

Individuals diagnosed with this kind of adjustment disorder tend to experience feelings of hopelessness and sadness. People with adjustment disorder can also experience crying.

They may also find social activities uninteresting as they can quickly become depressed.

2. Adjustment disorder & anxiety

Complications associated with adjustment disorder and anxiety can include the feeling of being overwhelmed, worried, or anxious. Patients with this disorder may have issues with memory and concentration.

Children with this disorder are commonly diagnosed with having separation anxiety from loved ones and their parents.

3. Adjustment disorder & depressed mood and mixed anxiety

Individuals with this kind of adjustment condition may experience both anxiety and extreme mood swings.

4. Adjustment disorder & disturbance of conduct

Advertisement

People diagnosed with the symptoms of this type of adjustment disorder generally involve behavioral issues like starting a fight or driving recklessly.

Teenagers with the disorder may often become destructive or resort to stealing. They don’t mind skipping classes.

5. Adjustment disorder & mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct

The symptoms associated with this type of adjustment disorder include anxiety, depression, and behavioral problems.

6. Adjustment disorder unspecified

People diagnosed with adjustment disorder “unspecified” have symptoms that are not associated with the other types of adjustment disorder. Adjustment disorder unspecified may often include physical symptoms or issues with friends, family, school, or work.

Causes

Several stressful events can lead to an adjustment disorder. Some common causes of adjustment disorder in adults may include:

  • Relationship problems like divorce
  • Death of a loved one
  • Losing a job
  • Natural disasters
  • Major life change
  • Illness in a family, friend or you
  • Financial issues
  • Geographical change

Some common causes of adjustment disorder in children and teens may include:

  • Bullying
  • Family issues
  • Sickness
  • Anxiety over their sexuality
  • Issues in school

Risk of adjustment disorder

Adjustment disorder can affect anyone. There is no direct way of telling who out of a group of people encountering the same stressor will have one.

Your coping mechanism and social skills with other stressors can determine if a person would develop adjustment disorder.

Advertisement

Diagnosing adjustment disorder

Before a person can be diagnosed with adjustment disorder, specific criteria must be met, and some of them include;

Treatment

A person diagnosed with an adjustment disorder may only require short-term treatment or treatment that could last for an extended period of time. The treatment of adjustment disorder may require medications, therapy, or a combination of both.

Therapy

Therapy is the leading treatment for adjustment disorder. Your healthcare provider or doctor may suggest you see a mental health therapist.

You may be referred to a mental health counselor or a psychologist. Nevertheless, you may be referred to a psychiatrist if your doctor thinks the condition demands medication.

The option of therapy gives room for regular social activities. Your therapist would offer an emotional guide as well as address the cause of your adjustment disorder.

Understanding the cause of the adjustment disorder may help you coping mechanisms that can be used to handle future stressors.

Different types of therapies can be used to treat adjustment disorder, and they include the following;

Medication

Some individuals with adjustment disorders also benefit from taking drugs. The use of medications can be used to minimize some of the symptoms of adjustment disorders, such as depression, insomnia, and anxiety.

These medications include:

benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam (Ativan) and alprazolam (Xanax) nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytics, such as gabapentin (Neurontin) SSRIs or SNRIs, such as sertraline (Zoloft) or venlafaxine (Effexor XR).

Advertisement

Outlook

Recovery is possible if adjustment disorder is treated immediately and correctly. Adjustment disorder doesn’t last longer than six months if addressed quickly.

Preventing adjustment disorder

There’s no definite way to keep adjustment disorder from happening. Nonetheless, it helps when a person with the disorder is resilient, gets help, and improve on their coping mechanism.

Some of the ways to maximize your resilience include;

It can be beneficial to make provision for a stressful situation if you know you won’t be able to avoid it in the nearest future. Positive thinking can be very helpful.

Consulting with your doctor or therapist for advice on how best to manage stressful situations is also an excellent way to deal with adjustment disorder.

Have you ever had to deal with an adjustment disorder? What are your triggers? What methods did you use in handling the condition? Do share with us in the comments below.

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending now

Eating Vaginal Discharge and It’s Health Benefits

For many people, vaginal discharge is a sign that a woman is ready and willing to have sex. Vaginal fluid is a whitish fluid...

Genital Warts: Do They Go Away Naturally? What to Expect?

Human Papilloma Virus is the causative organism for genital warts. The virus is available in various strains, and it can be contacted by many...

Anklet Charms and Hot Wives What Do They Mean?

Women all over the world love to accessorise. From putting on necklaces to wearing makeup and buying the latest trending clothes, women are ready...

Kinky Sex Punishment Ideas You Should Try

Is your submissive being a spoilt little brat? Are you noticing some unwanted behaviour? Do not be dismayed. Sometimes subs can be naughty, and...

Is Zobo Drink Healthy for Pregnant Women?

Zobo drink is a popular drink in Nigeria and it is loved by many; this common drink is made with hibiscus flower and it...

Skin Rashes: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies

Skin rashes are common skin problems experienced by millions of people worldwide; it is characterized by a visible change in the color and texture...

Photos of Women’s Orgasm Faces Show True Female Desire Is Nothing Like Porn

A photographer has captured women’s faces before, during and after they orgasm to lift the lid on real female sexuality. Brazilian photographer Marcos Alberti said...

Coronavirus – Facts, Types and Symptoms

Coronaviruses are a type of virus that mainly affects the respiratory tract of humans and other mammals. These viruses are associated with pneumonia, common...

Surprising Health Benefits Of Mango Leaves

Mangoes known as the king of fruits are common and popular fruits in Nigeria, there are very common from February/march till the middle of...

Friends